Summary of Vital Statistics for Texas 2002
Texas residents had more babies in 2002 (372,369) than in any other year since births were first recorded in Texas in 1903. The crude birth rate was 17.1 births per 1,000 population in 2002 compared to 17.2 in 2001.
The percentage of women receiving prenatal care in the first trimester was 80.5, up from 80.3 in 2001. In 2002, 99.2 percent of Texas resident births were delivered in a hospital. Physicians delivered 94.5 percent of infants born to Texas residents. The proportion of C-section deliveries increased from 26.7 percent in 2001 to 28.4 percent in 2002.
Overall life expectancy for an infant born in Texas in 2002 was 76.8 years. A male infant born in 2002 could expect to live 74.1 years while a female infant could expect to live 79.6 years. Female infants had a higher life expectancy than male infants regardless of racial/ethnic group.
The number of deaths to Texas residents in 2002 was 155,336. This was a 1.8 percent increase in total deaths over 2001, when there were 152,526. The 2002 crude death rate decreased to 7.1 deaths per 1,000 estimated population. The natural increase of the Texas population, the excess of resident births over resident deaths, was 217,033.
Starting with 1999 deaths, the Bureau of Vital Statistics implemented the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). This change in the classification of causes of death explains the presence of new leading causes (like Alzheimer's disease) and may partially explain changes in other causes of death.
Heart disease claimed 43,373 lives and continued to be the leading cause of death, followed by cancer with 34,122 deaths. Cerebrovascular diseases ranked third with 10,534 deaths, and accidents ranked fourth with 8,182 deaths. The fifth leading cause of death was chronic lower respiratory diseases (formerly known as COPD), which accounted for 7,713 deaths. These five leading causes were responsible for 67.0 percent of Texas resident deaths in 2002.
Completing the ten leading causes of death were: diabetes mellitus, 5,650 deaths; Alzheimer's disease, 3,787 deaths; influenza and pneumonia, 3,672 deaths; suicide, with 2,304 deaths; and septicemia, 2,284 deaths. The ten leading causes together accounted for 78.3 percent of deaths to Texas residents.
The total number of infant deaths increased from 2,181 in 2001 to 2,369 in 2002. The infant mortality rate also increased, from 6.0 in 2001 to 6.4 in 2002.
The number of fetal deaths decreased from 2,315 in 2001 to 2,277 in 2002. The fetal death ratio decreased from 6.3 in 2001 to 6.1 in 2002.
There were 76,278 induced terminations of pregnancy (abortions) obtained by Texas residents in 2002. This is a 2.9 percent increase from 2001, when Texas residents obtained 74,101 abortions. The abortion rate increased from 15.5 per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age in 2001 to 15.6 in 2002. The abortion ratio and the percent of pregnancies resulting in abortion increased from 2001 to 2002. The 2002 abortion ratio of 204.8 induced abortions per 1,000 live births was up from 203.0 in 2001. The percentage of all reported pregnancies (live births, fetal deaths plus induced abortions) among Texas residents resulting in abortion increased slightly from 16.8 percent in 2001 to 16.9 in 2002.
There were 181,990 marriages in 2002 compared to 191,801 in 2001. The number of divorces increased from 83,473 in 2001 to 85,394 in 2002.
The birth, death, and fetal death tabulations provided in this report are for residents of Texas. Births and fetal deaths are classified by the mother's county and city of residence. Deaths are classified by the county and city of residence of the decedent. Marriages are reported by county in which the marriage license was issued and divorces are reported by county in which the divorce decree was granted. Abortion data are classified by the patient's county of residence.
Births and deaths which occurred in Texas to residents of other states are excluded from these tabulations. Events which occurred to Texas residents, regardless of the place of occurrence, are included. A small percentage of Texas resident events occur in other states, and knowledge of these events is obtained through an interstate transcript exchange in cooperation with other states and the National Center for Health Statistics.