Summary of Vital Statistics for Texas 2010
In 2003, HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson approved the revision to the U.S. Standard Certificates of Birth, Death, and Fetal Death and encouraged all states to adopt them. The process involved in this revision, as well as details of what was revised, can be found at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/vital_certificate_revisions.htm. Consequently, some of the data are not directly comparable with previous revisions.
In 2005, Texas adopted the new U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth. The new U.S. Standard Certificates of Death and Fetal Death were implemented in 2006 in Texas.
There were 385,746 live births to Texas residents in 2010, a decrease of 3.9 percent (15,853 fewer births) from 2009. The crude birth rate was 15.3 births per 1,000 population in 2010 compared 16.2 births per 1,000 in 2009.
The percentage of women receiving prenatal care in the first trimester was 60.8. This figure is not directly comparable to years prior to 2005 due to the implementation of a new birth certificate in Texas in 2005 (source: Technical Appendix from Vital Statistics of the United States, 2004. Natality in the Documentation of the Detail Natality Public Use File for 2004). In 2010, 99.0 percent of Texas resident births were delivered in a hospital. Physicians delivered 95.3 percent of infants born to Texas residents. The proportion of C-section deliveries decreased from 35.3 percent in 2009 to 35.1 percent in 2010.
Overall life expectancy for an infant born in Texas in 2010 was 78.1 years. A male infant born in 2010 could expect to live 75.7 years while a female infant could expect to live 80.5 years. Female infants had a higher life expectancy than male infants regardless of racial/ethnic group.
The number of deaths to Texas residents in 2010 was 166,059. This was a 2.0 percent increase in total deaths over 2009, when there were 162,792. The 2010 crude death rate of 6.6 deaths per 1,000 estimated population was the same as in 2009. The natural increase of the Texas population, the excess of resident births over resident deaths, was 219,687.
Starting with 1999 deaths, the Vital Statistics Unit implemented the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). This change in the classification of causes of death explains the presence of new leading causes (like Alzheimer's disease) and may partially explain changes in other causes of death.
In 2010, diseases of the heart claimed 38,096 lives and continued to be the leading cause of death, followed by cancer with 36,652 deaths. Cerebrovascular diseases ranked third with 9,154 deaths, and accidents ranked fourth with 9,133 deaths. The fifth leading cause of death was chronic lower respiratory diseases (formerly known as COPD), which accounted for 8,910 deaths. These five leading causes were responsible for 61.4 percent of Texas resident deaths in 2010.
Completing the ten leading causes of death were: Alzheimer's disease, 5,200 deaths; diabetes mellitus, 4,738 deaths; nephritis and related diseases, with 3,870 deaths; septicemia, 3,166 deaths; and influenza and pneumonia, 3,013 deaths. The ten leading causes together accounted for 73.4 percent of deaths to Texas residents.
The total number of infant deaths decreased from 2,394 in 2009 to 2,362 in 2010. The infant mortality rate increased, 6.0 in 2009 to 6.1 in 2010.
The number of fetal deaths decreased from 2,270 in 2009 to 2,144 in 2010. The fetal death ratio decreased from 5.7 in 2009 to 5.6 in 2010.
There were 74,959 induced terminations of pregnancy (abortions) obtained by Texas residents in 2010. This is a 0.2 percent increase from 2009, when Texas residents obtained 74,835 abortions. The abortion rate increased from 14.0 per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age in 2009 to 14.1 in 2010. The 2010 abortion ratio of 194.3 induced abortions per 1,000 live births is up from 186.3 in 2009. The percentage of all reported pregnancies (live births, fetal deaths plus induced abortions) among Texas residents resulting in abortion increased from 15.6 in 2009 to 16.2 in 2010.
There were 174,171 marriages in 2010 compared to 172,395 marriages in 2009. The number of divorces increased from 81,822 in 2009 to 82,098 in 2010.
The birth, death, and fetal death tabulations provided in this report are for residents of Texas. Births and fetal deaths are classified by the mother's county and city of residence. Deaths are classified by the county and city of residence of the decedent. Marriages are reported by county in which the marriage license was issued and divorces are reported by county in which the divorce decree was granted. Abortion data are classified by the patient's county of residence.
Births and deaths which occurred in Texas to residents of other states are excluded from these tabulations. Events which occurred to Texas residents, regardless of the place of occurrence, are included. A small percentage of Texas resident events occur in other states, and knowledge of these events is obtained through an interstate transcript exchange in cooperation with other states and the National Center for Health Statistics.
2010 Annual Report List of Tables and References
Annual Reports for Other Years
Center for Health Statistics