• DSHS HIV/STD Program

    Post Office Box 149347, MC 1873
    Austin, Texas 78714

    Phone: (512) 533-3000

    E-mail the HIV/STD Program

    E-mail data requests to HIV/STD Program - This email can be used to request data and statistics on HIV, TB, and STDs in Texas. It cannot be used to get treatment or infection history for individuals, or to request information on programs and services. Please do not include any personal, identifying health information in your email such as HIV status, Date of Birth, Social Security Number, etc.

    For treatment/testing history, please contact your local Health Department.

    For information on HIV testing and services available to Persons Living with HIV and AIDS, please contact your local HIV services organization.

HIV-AIDS

HIV/AIDS

What is HIV?

What you should know about HIVHIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). HIV damages the immune system, the part of the body that fights infection. Over time, the immune system becomes so weak that diseases and infections begin to attack the body. As these conditions worsen, a person is diagnosed with AIDS.


How do people get HIV?

HIV is transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal fluids and breastmilk. The most common way HIV is transmitted is through sexual contact. Anal, vaginal and oral sex can all transmit HIV. You can also get HIV if you share needles, syringes and other equipment for drugs, tattooing or body piercing.

 

What are the symptoms of HIV?

Symptoms of an early HIV infection are like the flu. A person might have fever, chills, rash, night sweats, muscle aches, sore throat, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes or mouth ulcers. Many people who get HIV do not have any symptoms. People may not have symptoms until HIV has caused AIDS. The only way to know for sure if you have HIV is to get a test.

 

Should you get a test for HIV?

You should get tested if you have had sex or shared needles with someone who has HIV. You should also get tested if you have had sex or shared needles with someone whose HIV status is not known. About 1 in 8 people who have HIV do not know it. HIV tests are so common now that doctors recommend everyone get tested at least once in his or her life. Get tested more often if you are at risk for HIV.

 

Is there a cure for HIV?

There is no cure for HIV, but medicine can help you manage HIV. If you have trouble paying for HIV medicine, contact the Texas HIV Medication Program at 1-800-255-1090. You can also help your immune system by quitting smoking, eating healthy foods, avoiding stress and getting regular exercise.

 

What about HIV and pregnancy?

A pregnant woman can give HIV to her unborn child. If a pregnant woman with HIV takes medicine, she can reduce the chance of giving HIV to her baby to almost none. This is so important that a doctor will test a woman for HIV throughout her pregnancy.

 

HIV and STDs

Get tested for HIV if you have another STD. Having an STD increases your chances of getting HIV.

 

Preventing HIV

The only sure way to avoid HIV and other STDs is to not have sex or shoot drugs. If you have sex, you can use latex condoms to reduce your risk. When used the right way, condoms can stop the spread of HIV by preventing contact with semen, vaginal fluids and blood. It is a good idea to use condoms unless tests show you and your partner do not have HIV or other STDs.

You can also reduce your risk for HIV and other STDs by limiting the number of sex partners you have, choosing sexual activities that carry less risk for infection, and talking with your partners openly and honestly about HIV and STDs.

If you use drugs, do not share needles, syringes, or items you use to do drugs.

 

What are PrEP and PEP?

If you are at increased risk of getting HIV, talk to your doctor about PrEP. PrEP stands for Pre-exposure Prophylaxis. It involves taking anti-HIV medicine once a day to prevent HIV if you are exposed to it. Taking PrEP can greatly lower your risk of becoming HIV-positive.

PEP stands for Post-Exposure Prophylaxis. It involves taking anti-HIV medicine within 72 hours of being exposed to HIV to prevent infection. If you think you’ve recently been exposed to HIV through sex or sharing needles and works to do drugs, or if you’ve been sexually assaulted, talk to your health care provider or an emergency room doctor about PEP right away.

 
HIV/AIDS Resources

HIV/AIDS Resources

Where to get tested for HIV

Find services for HIV-positive

2015 STD Treatment Guidelines [CDC]
Includes HIV detection, counseling, and referral suggestions.

Texas HIV Medication Program
The Texas HIV Medication Program (THMP) is the official AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) for the State of Texas which provides medications approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of illnesses caused by HIV and other opportunistic infections in HIV-infected individuals as prescribed by their doctor.

Housing Opportunities for People with AIDS (HOPWA)
The State of Texas HOPWA formula program provides housing assistance and supportive services for income-eligible individuals living with HIV/AIDS and their families to establish or better maintain a stable living environment in housing that is decent, safe, and sanitary, to reduce the risk of homelessness, and to improve access to health care and supportive services.

Texas HIV Surveillance Report (PDF : 1,431 kB)
This report includes HIV/AIDS rates and demographic data for Texas.

Training
A variety of courses are available for professionals involved in HIV/AIDS prevention and intervention in Texas.

     
 

4-141
What you should know about HIV and AIDS
(PDF : 1,332 kB)
(DSHS Brochure 4-141)

4-141a
Hechos que debe saber El VIH y El SIDA
(PDF : 1,495 kB)
(DSHS Brochure 4-141a)

E13-11898
Facts you should know about HIV and AIDS
(PDF : 46 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E13-11898)

E13-11898a
El VIH y El SIDA: Hechos Que Debe Saber
(PDF : 49 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E13-11898a)

 

4-206
10 Questions About Pregnancy and HIV
(PDF : 1,047 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E4-206)

4-206a
10 Preguntas Sobre el Embarazo y el VIH
(Spanish)
(PDF : 1,096 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E4-206a)

4-219
Four Sisters, Four Stories, For You: Sex, Pregnancy, HIV and More
(PDF : 9,545 kB)
(DSHS Brochure 4-219)

4-219a
Cuatro mujeres, Cuatro historias: El sexo, el embarazo, el VIH y más
(PDF : 6,252 kB)
(DSHS Brochure 4-219a)

 

E4-151
Information about your HIV Antibody Test
(PDF : 33 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E4-151)

E4-151a
Información de Exámenes contra los Anticuerpos del VIH
(PDF : 34 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E4-151a)

E4-152
Negative HIV Antibody Test
(PDF : 33 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E4-152)

E4-152a
Resultados Negativos a la Prueba del VIH
(PDF : 35 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E4-152a)

 

E4-148
HIV, AIDS and the Workplace
(PDF : 155 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E4-148)

E4-148a
El VIH, el SIDA, y el lugar de trabajo
(PDF : 161 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E4-148a)

E4-158
Should I Get An HIV Test?
(PDF : 38 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E4-158)

E4-158a
¿Debo Hacerme Una Prueba de Detección del VIH?
(PDF : 42 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E4-158a)

 

AA Women and HIV
African American Women and HIV in Texas
(PDF : 155 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E13-13359)

Hispanics in Texas
Hispanics in Texas: Late HIV Diagnosis and Out of Care
(PDF : 82 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E13-13279)

HIVinBlacks
HIV/AIDS among Blacks in Texas
(PDF : 110 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E13-13350)

HIV and Texas Law
HIV and Texas Law
(PDF : 629 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet 13-13312)

 

HIVinMSM
HIV in Gay Men and Other Men who Have Sex with Men (MSM)
(PDF : 407 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet 13-15036)

HIV, Syphilis and HBV Testing and Pregnancy: State Requirements for Texas Clinicians
HIV, Syphilis and HBV Testing and Pregnancy: State Requirements for Texas Clinicians
(PDF : 125 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E13-13263)

Perinatal HIV
Mother-to-Child (Perinatal) HIV Transmission and Prevention
(PDF : 44 kB)

HIV/AIDS in Texas
An Overview of HIV in Texas
(PDF : 136 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E13-12986)

 

Routine HIV Testing
Routine HIV Testing in Health Care Settings
(PDF : 123 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E13-13456)

E13-11908 front page
The risk of eating raw oysters
(PDF : 48 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E13-11908)

E13-11908a front page
El riesgo de comer ostiones crudos
(PDF : 51 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E13-11908a)

E13-11907 front page
Oral sex and HIV
(PDF : 39 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E13-11907)

 

E13-11912 front page
Spousal Notification
(PDF : 127 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E13-11912)

E13-11918 front page
Update on Seroconversion for HIV Infection
(PDF : 38 kB)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E13-11918)

   
HIV/AIDS Materials

Last updated October 24, 2017