• DSHS HIV/STD Program

    Post Office Box 149347, MC 1873
    Austin, Texas 78714

    Phone: (512) 533-3000

    E-mail the HIV/STD Program

    E-mail data requests to HIV/STD Program - This email can be used to request data and statistics on HIV, TB, and STDs in Texas. It cannot be used to get treatment or infection history for individuals, or to request information on programs and services. Please do not include any personal, identifying health information in your email such as HIV status, Date of Birth, Social Security Number, etc.

    For treatment/testing history, please contact your local Health Department.

    For information on HIV testing and services available to Persons Living with HIV and AIDS, please contact your local HIV services organization.

Epi Profile Section 3 - Persons Living with HIV


Table 3-1. Persons Living with HIV in Texas by Select Characteristics, 2016

Cases

%

Rates per
100,000
population

Sex

Male

68,182

79%

492.9

Female

18,487

21%

131.8

Race

White

22,697

26%

187.6

Black

32,371

37%

953.5

Hispanic

27,739

32%

254.9

Other

987

1%

66.3

Unknown

2,875

3%

-

Age (as of 12/31/2016)

0-14

252

0%

4.1

15-24

3,980

5%

100.1

25-34

16,898

19%

413.6

35-44

20,133

23%

540.3

45+

45,406

52%

454.6

Total

86,669

311.1

  • In Texas, almost 8 in 10 are men, and nearly 7 in 10 are Black or Hisipanic. Just over half of PLWH are over the age of 45. Treatments for HIV infections have improved the life spans of people with HIV, and if started early, treatment can result in life spans that are comparable to people without HIV infections.


Table 3-2. HIV Prevalence in Texans by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, 2007-2016

Males

Females

Total

Cases

%

Rates per
100,000
population

Cases

%

Rates per
100,000
population

Cases

%

Rates per
100,000
population

Race/Ethnicity







White

20,018

23%

334.1

2,679

3%

43.8

22,697

26%

187.6

Black

21,795

25%

1,326.2

10,576

12%

603.8

32,371

37%

953.5

Hispanic

23,443

27%

428.6

4,296

5%

79.4

27,739

32%

254.9

Other

795

1%

109.5

192

<1%

25.2

987

1%

66.3

Unknown

2,131

3%

-

744

1%

-

2,875

3%

-

  • Texas' HIV Prevalence rates are highest in Black males and females. Over 1.3% of Black males and 0.6% of Black Females in Texas are living with HIV.

  • Together, White MSM, Black MSM, and Hispanic MSM comprise over 75% of all Texans living with HIV. Black women comprise an additional 12% of Texans living with HIV. These four groups have been designated as priority populations in Texas' HIV Plan. Focused HIV test, prevention and care efforts with these groups will have the largest impact on HIV in Texas.


Figure 3-1. Percent of PLWH in Texas by Mode of Exposure

Figure 3-1. Percent of PLWH in Texas by Mode of Exposure. Data in following link.

Adult Other includes received clotting factor, transfusion/transplant, other and unknown.
Source: Texas eHARS, 2016

  • In Texas, 6 in 10 people living with HIV were gay and bisexual men or other men who have sex with men (MSM); more information can be found in the MSM section "here." A little more than 2 in 10 aquired their HIV infections through heterosexual sex, and about 1.5 in 10 PLWH aquired their infections through injecting drugs.

  • PLWH can greatly reduce their risk of transmitting the virus through any mode of transmission by keeping their viral loads (the amount of HIV in their bodies) to a very low level, also called viral suppression. Persons living with HIV can acheive viral suppression through consistent adherance to anti-retoviral medications.

  • People living with HIV infections can live long and healthy lives by seeking medical care and taking HIV medications to keep their HIV viral loads at a very low level - also call having a suppressed viral load. In addition to improving the health of the person with HIV, when treatment results in viral suppression it prevents sexual HIV transmission. Finding ways to help people with HIV find and stay in treatment will lead to reductions in new HIV infections.


Map 3-1. Rates of PLWH by County, Texas, 2016

Map of Rates of PLWH by County, Texas, 2016, data at following link

PLWH data by county

  • The rate of persons living with HIV varies greatly by county. In Texas, counties with high HIV prevalence rates tend to be urban (Dallas county, Harris county [Houston], Travis county [Austin], Bexar county [San Antonio]).


Table 3-3. PLWH in Texas by Metropolitan Area, 2016

N

%

Austin TGA

5,916

7%

Dallas EMA

21,062

24%

Fort Worth TGA

5,745

7%

Houston EMA

27,023

31%

San Antonio TGA

6,343

7%

Other Texas

16,383

19%

TDCJ/ICE/Federal Prison

4,197

5%

Total

86,669

100%

  • Dallas and Houston have the highest numbers of PLWH, which reflects the fact that about half of the Texas population lives in these two urban areas. About 1 in 5 people living with HIV infections live in the Austin, Fort Worth, and San Antonio areas. Almost 1 in 5 PLWH live in less urban areas of Texas. These are areas where medical care options may be limited, compared to urban areas.


Epi Profile

Table of Contents | 1. Executive Summary | 2. New HIV Diagnoses | 3. Persons Living with HIV | 4. Co-Morbidities | 5. HIV/AIDS Deaths | 6. HIV Incidence | 7. Focused and Routine HIV Testing | 8. Indicators of HIV Risk in HIV-negative Persons at High Risk for HIV | 9. Indicators of HIV Risk in PLWH Currently in Care | 10. Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM) | 11. HIV Treatment Cascade | Data Sources and Notes


Last updated December 21, 2017