• DSHS HIV/STD Program

    Post Office Box 149347, MC 1873
    Austin, Texas 78714

    Phone: (512) 533-3000

    E-mail the HIV/STD Program

    E-mail data requests to HIV/STD Program - This email can be used to request data and statistics on HIV, TB, and STDs in Texas. It cannot be used to get treatment or infection history for individuals, or to request information on programs and services. Please do not include any personal, identifying health information in your email such as HIV status, Date of Birth, Social Security Number, etc.

    For treatment/testing history, please contact your local Health Department.

    For information on HIV testing and services available to Persons Living with HIV and AIDS, please contact your local HIV services organization.

Epi Profile Section 3 - Persons Living with HIV

 

 


 

Table 3-1. Persons Living with HIV in Texas by Select Characteristics, 2015
 

Cases

%

Rates per
100,000
population

Sex

 

 

 

 Male

64,897

78%

475.9

 Female

17,848

22%

129.0

Race

 

 

 

 White

22,222

27%

184.6

 Black

31,009

37%

932.7

 Hispanic

25,937

31%

243.1

 Other

905

1%

63.0

 Unknown

2,672

3%

-

Age (as of 12/31/2015)

     

 0-14

274

0%

4.6

 15-24

3,977

5%

100.5

 25-34

15,766

19%

393.0

 35-44

19,742

24%

534.4

 45+

42,986

52%

439.6

Total

82,745

 

301.2

 

  • Over 60% of Persons Living with HIV (PLWH) are Black or Hispanic. These groups tend to have lower rates insurance coverage and higher rates of poverty, which can negatively affect their ability to obtain adequate medical care for their HIV infection.

  • Just over half of PLWH are over the age of 45. As HIV treatments improve, PLWH are able to lead nearly normal life spans.

 

 


 

Figure 3-1. Percent of PLWH in Texas by Mode of Exposure

Figure 3-1. Percent of PLWH in Texas by Mode of Exposure. Data in following link.

 

Adult Other includes received clotting factor, transfusion/transplant, other and unknown.
Source: Texas eHARS, 2015

 

  • The majority of Persons Living with HIV (PLWH) acquired their infection through male-male sexual contact, followed by heterosexual contact.

  • PLWH can greatly reduce their risk of transmitting the virus through any mode of transmission by keeping their viral loads (the amount of HIV in their bodies) to a very low level, also called viral suppression. Viral suppression can be achieved through consistent, adequate use of anti-retoviral medications.

 


 

Map 3-1. Rates of PLWH by County, Texas, 2015

Map of Rates of PLWH by County, Texas, 2014, data at following link

PLWH data by county

  • The rate of persons living with HIV varies greatly by county. In Texas, counties with high HIV prevalence rates tend to be urban (Dallas county, Harris county [Houston], Travis county [Austin], Bexar county [San Antonio]).

 


 

Table 3-2. PLWH in Texas by Metropolitan Area, 2015
 

N

%

Austin TGA

5,521

7%

Dallas EMA

19,793

24%

Fort Worth TGA

5,396

7%

Houston EMA

26,041

31%

San Antonio TGA

6,096

7%

Other Texas

15,682

19%

TDCJ/ICE/Federal Prison

4,216

5%

Total

82,745

100%

  • Dallas and Houston have the highest numbers of PLWH, which reflects the fact that nearly 40% of the Texas population lives in these two urban areas. PLWH may choose to live closer to urban areas where medical care is more accessible.

 


Epi Profile

Table of Contents1. Executive Summary | 2. New HIV Diagnoses | 3. Persons Living with HIV | 4. Co-Morbidities | 5. HIV/AIDS Deaths | 6. HIV Incidence | 7. Targeted and Routine HIV Testing | 8. Indicators of HIV Risk in HIV-negative Persons at High Risk for HIV | 9. Indicators of HIV Risk in PLWH Currently in Care | 10. Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM) | 11. HIV Treatment Cascade | Data Sources and Notes


Last updated March 6, 2017