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Medical and Research Library News - April 2018

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News and training opportunities
Cool websites and reports on hot topics*
Interesting journal articles*

April 2018

mrl-diamondNews and training opportunities

Note: Unless indicated, the following webinars and online classes are not affiliated with DSHS or the DSHS Library. They are presented here as opportunities to learn more information of interest 
to public health personnel.

April 8-14, National Library Week: Libraries Lead. A series of informative programs honoring NLW 2018 will be held in Moreton Building M-653 or via Webinar. Registration links for in person attendance or via webinar are listed below.

Monday, April 9, 2:00-3:00 p.m. - In Case of Emergency: Identifying & Protecting Your Vital Records 
Jenny Singer, MSIS, CRM, Records Management Officer, HHSC
M-653 Conference Room
Via Webinar

Tuesday, April 10, 8:30-11:30 a.m. - Essentials of Grant Writing
Michelle Catalano, MLIS, Independent Project and Training Consultant
M-653 Conference Room
Via Webinar

Wednesday, April 11, 2:00-3:00 p.m. - Plain Language Training
Lisa Cazacu, Information Specialist, DSHS
M-653 Conference Room
Via Webinar

Thursday, April 12, 2:00-3:00 p.m. - Cutting Through the Noise: Communicating Your Message the Way It Needs to Be Heard
Scott J. Abel, JD Leadership & Professional Development Specialist, HHSC
M-653 Conference Room
Via Webinar

Don’t forget to enter our annual puzzle drawing! For more details, please contact the library: library@dshs.texas.gov.

April 10, 2018 - 10:30 a.m. Webinar on social determinants of infant mortality. 
This webinar will cover key findings and recommendations from the report, A New Approach to Reduce Infant Mortality and Achieve Equity: Policy Recommendations to Improve Housing, Transportation, Education and Employment. It is presented by Health Policy Institute of Ohio. See https://events.r20.constantcontact.com/register/eventReg?oeidk=a07ef86h33039e21a2a&oseq=&c=&ch=

April 12, 2018 - 2:00-3:00 p.m. EvidenceNOW: Insights for State Health Policymakers on Advancing Evidence-based Primary Care. 
What tools, interventions, or policy levers are available to states to effectively close the gap between optimal and usual care in the primary care setting in order to save lives and better manage costs? This webinar will highlight insights from the EvidenceNOW initiative, featuring representatives from cooperatives in Virginia, North Carolina, and Oklahoma who will share their experiences, challenges, and key takeaways of interest to states. It is presented by National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP). See https://cc.readytalk.com/registration/#/?meeting=fwrh21y27apo&campaign=uasmwbc4j8zt

April 18, 2018 - 1:00-2:00 p.m. Using Informatics to Improve the Health of Populations. This webinar will focus on the intersectionality of informatics and population health and highlight curricula examples to help prepare future health professionals to use data in their clinical practice. This webinar is co-sponsored by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing and the Association of American Medical Colleges. See http://www.aacnnursing.org/Professional-Development/Webinar-Info/sessionaltcd/WF18_04_18

April 19, 2018 - 1:30-2:30 p.m. A Patient-Centered Model for Diabetes Management. The purpose of this webinar is to demonstrate an example of a patient-centered model program, such as the Diabetes Education Program at Brownsville Community Health Center (BCHC) in South Texas. It is presented by the National Center for Farmworker Health. See https://attendee.gototraining.com/r/8525399146224596993

April 24, 2018 - 1:00-2:00 p.m. NACRHHS Policy Brief on Understanding the Impact of Suicide in Rural America. In 2015, an American took their own life roughly every 12 minutes, making suicide the 10th leading cause of mortality in the United States. Although suicide affects both rural and urban residents, rural populations face persistent and widening increases in suicide compared to their urban counterparts. Presented by the Rural Health Information Hub. See https://www.ruralhealthinfo.org/webinars/suicide-impact-rural-america

April 25, 2018 - 11:00-12:00 p.m. Testing a Shared Decision-Making Model for Health and Social Service Delivery in East Harlem This study will test this model that aligns a city health department with cross-sector community stakeholders to improve health and reduce inequities across neighborhoods. The research team will examine how the Center's shared decision-making model within the East Harlem Neighborhood Health Action Center will increase coordination, effectiveness, and efficiency. Presented by Systems for Action (S4A). See https://cc.readytalk.com/registration/#/?meeting=gou3oy8uiqe4&campaign=e79032f0e7jc


mrl-diamondCool websites and reports on hot topics*

Drug Overdose Rates Are Highest in Places with the Most Economic and Family Distress (2018) - This brief from the University of New Hampshire Casey School of Public Policy analyzes the role of economic and social conditions in drug mortality. See https://scholars.unh.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1339&context=carsey

Emergency Preparedness and Recovery: A Toolkit for Rural Communities - This toolkit, a project from Planners4Healh, outlines procedures for emergency preparedness and recovery for rural communities. See https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/c536a4_dd72ece254fb4217aa13e40361dd970d.pdf

Examining U.S. Public Health Preparedness for and Response Efforts to Seasonal Influenza - March 2018 hearing examines the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' efforts to combat seasonal influenza, develop an effective influenza vaccine, and to prepare a long-term strategy to improve seasonal influenza preparedness. See https://energycommerce.house.gov/hearings/examining-u-s-public-health-preparedness-response-efforts-seasonal-influenza/

Healthy Eating, Active Play, Screen Time Best Practices - This interactive 50-state map syntheses data on how state child care licensing regulations match best practices for 
3- to 5-year-olds, relating to healthy eating, active play and screen time best practices. See http://www.publichealthlawcenter.org/heal/ChildCareMaps.html

A Health Picture of HUD-Assisted Children, 2006-2012 (March 2018) - This report from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development describes the health characteristics of HUD-assisted children using various NHIS variables. Focus includes socio-demographic characteristics, health status, learning-related health status, and healthcare access. See https://www.huduser.gov/portal/portal/sites/default/files/pdf/Health-Picture-of-HUD-Assisted-Children.pdf 

Heart Disease Death Rates Among Blacks and Whites Aged ≥35 Years — United States, 1968–2015 - This report demonstrates the use of data from the National Vital Statistics System to conduct surveillance of heart disease death rates by race and of black-white disparities in heart disease death rates among adults aged ≥35 years for 1968–2015. See https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/ss/ss6705a1.htm?s_cid=ss6705a1_e

Health Equity Report 2017 - Report presents trends in health disparities and improvements in health equity for a number of program areas, including maternal and child health, primary health care access and quality, HIV/AIDS, mental and behavioral health, chronic disease prevention and health promotion, health workforce, and rural-urban and geographic disparities. Provided by Health Resources and Services Administration. See https://www.hrsa.gov/sites/default/files/hrsa/health-equity/2017-HRSA-health-equity-report.pdf

Maternal Child Health Capacity for Zika (February 2018) - NACCHO conducted the Local Health Department Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Zika Capacity Assessment to assess the organizational capacity of LHDs and their MCH programs to monitor, track, and support mothers and their infants potentially affected by Zika. See https://www.naccho.org/uploads/downloadable-resources/FINAL-MCH-Zika-Report.pdf

Preventing Opioid Overdoses among Rural Americans - This CDC policy brief explores policy options and other strategies that may help prevent opioid overdoses and reduce overdose death in rural areas. The brief also includes three case studies that present examples from the field. See https://www.cdc.gov/ruralhealth/drug-overdose/policybrief.html

Protected Together World Immunization Week 2018 Starter Toolkit (2018) - This toolkit highlights how organizations can promote vaccines during World Immunization Week (April 24-30, 2018). Provided by the World Health Organization. See http://www.who.int/campaigns/immunization-week/2018/starter-toolkit.pdf?ua=1


mrl-diamondInteresting journal articles*

Broberg L, Backhausen M, Damm P, Bech P, Tabor A, Hegaard HK. Effect of supervised exercise in groups on psychological well-being among pregnant women at risk of depression (the EWE Study): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2017;18(1):210.
Pregnant women with depression and/or anxiety prior to pregnancy are at higher risk of preterm birth, breastfeeding problems, postpartum depression, and disruption of the mother-infant attachment. It is well documented that exercise improves psychological well-being in non-pregnant subjects with symptoms of depression. However, in only a few small studies have researchers examined the effect of exercise on symptoms of depression among pregnant women. We hypothesize that physiotherapist-supervised group exercise for pregnant women at risk of antenatal depression increases their psychological well-being. This paper describes the study protocol of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on a supervised group exercise intervention for pregnant women with a current or previous history of depression and/or anxiety.

Checchi F, Warsame A, Treacy-Wong V, Polonsky J, van Ommeren M, Prudhon C. Public health information in crisis-affected populations: a review of methods and their use for advocacy and action. Lancet. 2017;390(10109):2297-2313.
Valid and timely information about various domains of public health underpins the effectiveness of humanitarian public health interventions in crises. However, obstacles including insecurity, insufficient resources and skills for data collection and analysis, and absence of validated methods combine to hamper the quantity and quality of public health information available to humanitarian responders. This paper, the second in a series of four papers, reviews available methods to collect public health data pertaining to different domains of health and health services in crisis settings, including population size and composition, exposure to armed attacks, sexual and gender-based violence, food security and feeding practices, nutritional status, physical and mental health outcomes, public health service availability, coverage and effectiveness, and mortality. The paper also quantifies the availability of a minimal essential set of information in large armed conflict and natural disaster crises since 2010: we show that information was available and timely only in a small minority of cases. On the basis of this observation, we propose an agenda for methodological research and steps required to improve on the current use of available methods. This proposition includes setting up a dedicated interagency service for public health information and epidemiology in crises.

Johnson DP, Arnold DH, Gay JC, Grisso A, O'Connor MG, O'Kelley E, Moore PE. Implementation and improvement of pediatric asthma guideline improves hospital-based care. Pediatrics. 2018;141(2).
Standardized pediatric asthma care has been shown to improve measures in specific hospital areas, but to our knowledge, the implementation of an asthma clinical practice guideline (CPG) has not been demonstrated to be associated with improved hospital-wide outcomes. We sought to implement and refine a pediatric asthma CPG to improve outcomes and throughput for the emergency department (ED), inpatient care, and the ICU.

Mantzari E, Hollands GJ, Pechey R, Jebb S, Marteau TM. Perceived impact of smaller compared with larger-sized bottles of sugar-sweetened beverages on consumption: a qualitative analysis. Appetite. 2018;120:171-180.
Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption increases obesity risk and is linked to adverse health consequences. Large packages increase food consumption, but most evidence comes from studies comparing larger with standard packages, resulting in uncertainty regarding the impact of smaller packages. There is also little research on beverages. This qualitative study explores the experiences of consuming cola from smaller compared with larger bottles, to inform intervention strategies.

Mojica CM, Parra-Medina D, Vernon S. Interventions promoting colorectal cancer screening among Latino men: a systematic review.  Prev Chronic Dis. 2018;15:E31.
Colorectal cancer, the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States, is also among the most preventable cancers. However, Latino men are less likely than non-Latino men to engage in preventive screening. Compared with 60% of non-Latino white men and women, only 42% of Latino men are up to date with colorectal cancer screening guidelines, which may result in diagnosis at advanced disease stages and increased deaths. We evaluated the literature on colorectal cancer screening interventions among Latino men to characterize intervention components effective in increasing colorectal cancer screening.

Naavaal S, Malarcher A, Xu X, Zhang L, Babb S. Variations in cigarette smoking and quit attempts by health insurance among US adults in 41 states and 2 jurisdictions, 2014. Public Health Rep. 2018;133(2):191-199.
Objectives: Information on the impact of health insurance on smoking and quit attempts at the state level is limited. We examined the state-specific prevalence of cigarette smoking and past-year quit attempts among adults aged 18-64 by health insurance and other individual- and state-level factors.
Methods: We used data from 41 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, the jurisdictions that administered the Health Care Access module of the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Data on quit attempts included current smokers with a past-year attempt and former smokers who quit 
during the past year.

Ng SW, Hollingsworth BA, Busey EA, Wandell JL, Miles DR, Poti JM. Federal nutrition program revisions impact low-income households' food purchases. Am J Prev Med. 2018;54(3):403-412.
Introduction: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) required major revisions to food packages in 2009; effects on nationwide low-income household purchases remain unexamined.
Methods: This study examines associations between WIC revisions and nutritional profiles of packaged food purchases from 2008 to 2014 among 4,537 low-income households with preschoolers in the U.S. (WIC participating versus nonparticipating) utilizing Nielsen Homescan Consumer Panel data. Overall nutrients purchased (e.g., calories, sugar, fat), amounts of select food groups with nutritional attributes that are encouraged (e.g., whole grains, fruits and vegetables) or discouraged (e.g., sugar-sweetened beverages, candy) consistent with dietary guidance, composition of purchases by degree of processing (less, moderate, or high), and convenience (requires preparation, ready to heat, or ready to eat) were measured. Data analysis was performed in 2016. Longitudinal random-effects model adjusted outcomes controlling for household composition, education, race/ethnicity of the head of the household, county quarterly unemployment rates, and seasonality are presented.

Quezada AD, Macías-Waldman N, Salmerón J, Swigart T, Gallegos-Carrillo K. Physical activity and calorie intake mediate the relationship from depression to body fat mass among female Mexican health workers. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2017;14(1):160.
Background: Depression is a foremost cause of morbidity throughout the world and the prevalence of depression in women is about twice as high as men. Additionally, overweight and obesity are major global health concerns. We explored the relationship between depression and body fat, and the role of physical activity and diet as mediators of this relationship in a sample of 456 adult female Mexican health workers.
Method: Longitudinal and cross-sectional analyses using data from adult women of the Health Workers Cohort Study (HWCS) Measures of body fat mass (kg from DEXA), dietary intake (kcal from FFQ), leisure time activity (METs/wk) and depression (CES-D) were determined in two waves (2004-2006 and 2010-2011). We explored the interrelation between body fat, diet, leisure time, physical activity, and depression using a cross-lagged effects model fitted to longitudinal data. We also fitted a structural equations model to cross-sectional data with body fat as the main outcome, and dietary intake and physical activity from leisure time as mediators between depression and body fat.

Rushton C, Edvardsson D. Reconciling conceptualizations of relationships and person-centered care for older people with cognitive impairment in acute care settings. Nurs Philos. 2018;19(2).
Abstract: Relationships are central to enacting person-centered care of the older person with cognitive impairment. A fuller understanding of relationships and the role they play facilitating wellness and preserving personhood is critical if we are to unleash the productive potential of nursing research and person-centered care. In this article, we target the acute care setting because much of the work about relationships and older people with cognitive impairment has tended to focus on relationships in long-term care. The acute care setting is characterized by archetypal constraints which differentiate it from long-term care, in terms of acuity and haste, task-orientated work patterns and influence from "the rule of medicine," all of which can privilege particular types of relating. In this article, we drew on existing conceptualizations of relationships from theory and practice by tapping in to the intellectual resources provided by nurse researchers, the philosophy of Martin Buber and ANT scholars. This involved recounting two examples of dyadic and networked relationships which were re-interpreted using two complementary theoretical approaches to provide deeper and more comprehensive conceptualizations of these relationships. By re-presenting key tenets from the work of key scholars on the topic relationships, we hope to hasten socialization of these ideas into nursing into the acute care setting. First, by enabling nurses to reflect on how they might work toward cultivating relationships that are more salutogenic and consistent with the preservation of personhood. Second, by stimulating two distinct but related lines of research enquiry which focus on dyadic and networked relationships with the older person with cognitive impairment in the acute care setting. We also hope to reconcile the schism that has emerged in the literature between preferred approaches to care of the older person with cognitive impairment, that is person-centered care versus relationship-centered care by arguing that these are complementary rather than mutually exclusive and can be brought together in one theoretical framework acknowledging personhood as relational in essence.

Zerbo O, Modaressi S, Goddard K, Lewis E, Fireman BH, Daley MF, Irving SA, et al. Vaccination patterns in children after autism spectrum disorder diagnosis and in their younger siblings. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Mar 26.
Importance: In recent years, rates of vaccination have been declining. Whether this phenomenon disproportionately affects children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or their younger siblings is unknown.
Objectives: To investigate if children after receiving an ASD diagnosis obtain their remaining scheduled vaccines according to the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendations and to compare the vaccination patterns of younger siblings of children with ASD with the vaccination patterns of younger siblings of children without ASD.


*For More Information:  Employees may contact the Medical and Research Library at library@dshs.texas.gov, call 512-776-7559, or come by Moreton Building, Room M-652, to borrow a print book, receive password access to a journal, receive other research assistance, or to obtain full-text of the articles mentioned in this month's news. If you are not located on the main campus in Austin, simply let us know what you would like to borrow and we will mail it to you.

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Last updated April 5, 2018