• Questions? E-mail library@dshs.texas.gov

Health Ministry-Faith Community Nursing Bibliography

A specialized area of professional nursing practice that focuses on health promotion within a faith community traditionally has been called "parish nursing." This web site offers a calendar of events of interest to nurses working within faith communities in Texas; selected Internet web sites; names and contact information of persons who have agreed to serve as expert resources from around the country; and bibliographic citations that describe parish nursing/health ministry or would be of use to nurses practicing within faith communities, whether the communities be called parishes, congregations or other forms of faith practice.

For additional information on the bibliography, contact Library Services at the Texas Department of State Health Services, at (512) 776-7559, or e-mail library@dshs.texas.gov.

mrl-diamondSelected Web Links
mrl-diamondResource People
mrl-diamondFeatured New Articles
mrl-diamondJournal Articles
mrl-diamondTheses and Dissertations
mrl-diamondEducational Opportunities

mrl-diamondCalendar (arranged in descending order)

September 11-13, 2017: Health Ministries Association (HMA) Annual Meeting and Conference, St. Elizabeth Technical and Education Center, Erlanger, Kentucky. Last day to book hotels for Early Bird Special price is 2/28/17. See http://hmassoc.org/upcoming-conference/ 

May 2, 2017: 9:30 – 10:30 a.m. - Texas Health Ministries Network business meeting, San Antonio. Contact Catalina Schultze-Kraft at ckraft@mhm.org.

January 27, 2017: THMN meeting, Spindle Top Room of Baptist Hospitals of SE Texas, 740 Hospital Blvd, Beaumont, Texas 77701. Parking is free in the garage across from the Professional Building.  Chaplain Cross will give the afternoon education presentation, “Coffee Cup Counseling.”  1.5 CEU’s will be available. The business meeting will begin at 11:00 am followed with lunch furnished by THMN.  Please RSVP to Becky Seymour, Congregational Health Ministries Coordinator, by Monday, January 23 if you will be attending lunch: rebekah.seymour@bhset.net or 409-212-5648. 

January 26, 27, 28 and February 23, 24, 25, 8:30 a.m.- 5:00 p.m. Methodist Health System Faith Community Nursing with Baylor University Louise Herrington School of Nursing – Foundations of Faith Community Nursing Course. 6- Day Course; 36 CNE. Course completion requires attendance all 6-days.. Location: Methodist Dallas Medical Center, 1441 N. Beckley Ave, Dallas, TX 75203
Registration and Application deadline Dec. 14, 2016 - Fee $400 – Fee December 15 –January 12 :$450. For more information/registration visit: http://MethodistHealthSystem.org/FaithCommunityNursing 

Ongoing. Faith Community Nurse Teleconferences through Baptist Hospitals of Southeast Texas: register with rebekah.seymour@bhset.net.

October 28, 2016: THMN meeting. Texas Health Resources Dallas at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas, 8200 Walnut Hill, Dallas. Contact Caryn Paulos, Director, Faith Community Nursing and Patient Education: carynpaulos@texashealth.org, 682-236-7129. 

Sept. 12 – 14, 2016: HMA Annual Meeting and Conference Journey to Wholeness – Faith Leaders Meeting Community Health Challenges, Crown Plaza, San Marco Golf Resort Chandler, AZ. http://hmassoc.org/upcoming-conference/

April 29, 2016: THMN meeting, Wesley Health and Wellness Center, 1406 Fitch, San Antonio.  Contact Catalina Schultze-Kraft, cshultz-kraft@mhm.org.

April 7-10, 2016: Westberg Symposium, Double Tree Chicago North Shore Hotel & Conference Center, Skokie, IL.  http://www.churchhealthcenter.org/   Registration begins 11/9. 

March 11, 2016: Last day for full registration in Foundations of Faith Community Nursing online course, March 30-June 21, 2016. Contact paulalilja2@verizon.net.

January 28, 29, 30 & Feb 25,26,27: Foundations of Faith Community Nursing Course, Methodist Dallas Medical Center, Dallas, Texas. Contact DorisGiles@mhd.com.

January 8, 2016: THMN meeting, Institute for Spirituality and Health, 8100 Greenbriar Drive, Houston.  Contact drkaren@centerforfaithandhealth.org.

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mrl-diamondSelected Web Links

Please note that web addresses change often - these were valid as of 1/23/17.

Bioterrorism information
Bioterrorism/Disaster Preparedness Resources from the Medical and Research Library (DSHS): http://www.dshs.texas.gov/library/bt-books.shtm
CDC website on bioterrorism and other public health emergencies: https://emergency.cdc.gov/bioterrorism/prep.asp
Texas Division of Emergency Management: http://www.dps.texas.gov/dem/index.htm

Funding Information Center. The FIC is part of the Texas Department of State Health Services, Library and Information Services Program, and provides information about public and private grant opportunities to promote public health. Services for Texas residents include a free weekly alert of new grants and a lending library of materials about funding sources and nonprofit management.

Health Ministries Association. HMA is an interfaith membership organization, serving the people who belong to the Faith Health Ministry Movement. This is the national organization's website.

Health Observances Calendar. Health observances are days, weeks, or months devoted to promoting particular health concerns. This calendar is sponsored by the National Health Information Center.

Interfaith Health Program, Emory University

Nurses Christian Fellowship. NCF provides a local, regional, national and international network for Christian nursing. It is the home of the Journal of Christian Nursing.

Texas Health Ministries Network. (Do not have a website at present.) The purpose of the Texas Health Ministries Network is to promote a statewide network for health promotion education and access to resources; provide educational opportunities targeted to members needs; and maintain a database of faith community nurses and health ministers in Texas. The target audience is faith community nurses and health ministers, including clergy, social workers, health administrators, and educators.

Texas Nurses' Association, District 5.

UMC Health Ministry Network. Information about parish nursing in general and in the United Methodist Church.

Westberg Institute for Faith Community Nursing, a ministry of the Church Health Center. The Institute provides education, network development and research for the faith community nurses.   

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mrl-diamondResource People

The following people are willing to be contacted as a resource for other health ministry/faith community nurses. To add yourself to this list, click here.

Rita Carlson, MSN, Volunteer Retired-RN
Parish Nurse Coordinator
Regional & Local Services, Region 6/5
Department of State Health Services
5425 Polk
Houston, TX 77023
(713) 767-3000
E-mail: rita.carlson@dshs.texas.gov
Area of expertise: Co-coordinates Parish Nurse Connections program at the Texas Department of State Health Services, including maintaining a detailed database of parish nurses in Texas for referral purposes.

Mary Chase-Ziolek, Professor of Health Ministries and Nursing, PhD, RN
North Park University and Seminary
3225 W. Foster Ave
Chicago, IL 60625
(773) 244-6201
E-mail: mchase-ziolek@northpark.edu
Area of expertise: Interdisciplinary health ministry education, faith-based community health initiatives, clergy health, religion, spirituality and health, online education.

Dorothy Chesley, RN, PhD
Volunteer Health Ministry Coordinator
Regional & Local Services, Region 6/5
Department of State Health Services
5425 Polk
Houston, TX 77023
(713) 767-3000
E-mail: dorothy.chesley@dshs.texas.gov
Area of expertise: Co-coordinates Parish Nurse Connections program at the Texas Department of State Health Services, including maintaining a detailed database of parish nurses in Texas for referral purposes.

Verda L. Gaines, RN, BSN, Faith Community Nurse, CHWI (Community Health Worker Instructor)
Houston, TX
(713) 408-7095
E-mail: verda1117@aol.com
The Great Physician’s Rx Ministry, SEHTA (Southeast Houston Transformation Alliance) OST/SU-GO Health & Wellness: Preventative Care, Coordinator
Area of expertise: Faith Community Health Outreach as a community resource as applied to underserved and traditionally marginalized communities utilizing a 'Health in All Policies' lens breaking out of 'Silos'- Health is not just blood pressures. It's education, jobs, housing, environment, socioeconomics, etc. Faith Community Nursing/ Coordinator 'community' model: Health Ministry, Lay Health Advocates, Community Health Worker Instruction, Volunteer recruitment, Community Engagement & Transformation, Susatainability, Outreach, Health Advocacy, Needs & Asset Assessment: Congregational, Community, Staff, Volunteer, Programs/Policies. Preventative Care: Health & Wellness, Healthy Living. Farmers Market & Community Garden as 'Public Spaces.' Faith/Spirituality: Inter-faith & Inter-religious, Intergenerational, Multi-Ethnic, Multicultural resources. Communication resources specifically by people of color Houston. FCN as an adjunct to Public Health, Hospital Transition/Coordination, Home Health, Hospice, School Nursing & Ambulatory Nursing. Health Education- fun and interactive for children, also teens to seniors.

Carol Gaskamp, PhD, RN
University of Texas at Austin
1700 Red River, Austin TX 78701
(512) 471-7306 (work)
E-mail: cgaskamp@mail.nur.utexas.edu (work)
Area of expertise: Assistant professor of clinical nursing, can serve in many areas - completed parish nurse curriculum in 2001.

Karen Hahn, PhD, RN, ANP
President, Center for Faith and Health Initiatives
14610 Wind Lawn Dr.
Houston, TX 77040
(832) 567-8316
E-mail: CenterforFaithandHealth@gmail.com
Area of expertise: The Center for Faith and Health Initiatives promotes community health through faith-based leadership.  Services provided are: consultation, leadership development, regional planning, spiritual direction, retreats, presentations, and conferences. The Center also co-coordinates the Greater Fifth Ward Congregational Health Coalition in near northeast Houston. 

Jane Hall, MS, RN
Nurses Christian Fellowship
863 Arlington Drive
Waco, TX 76712
(254) 772-8174
E-mail: hall2j@hot.rr.com
Area of expertise: Provide NCF resources, information, and conferences for faith community nurses/parish nurses regarding faith community nursing practice, providing spiritual care, and other topics of interest to Christian nurses.

Sharon T. Hinton, RN-BC, MSN, D.Min
312 West Georgia St.
Floydada, TX 79235
(806) 983-8096
E-mail: coordinator@ruralnurseresource.com
Area of expertise: Specialize in teaching Foundations of Faith Community Nursing, and continuing education, consultant for health ministry start-up and development, and spiritual journaling for individuals, retreats, and small groups. Available to speak nationally on a wide variety of health & safety topics.

Trisha (Patricia) Horace, Congregational Care Nurse, RN, MSN, MS
14513 South Post Oak Road
Houston, TX 77045
(713) 504-2311
Fax: (713) 433-2015
E-mail: patriciahorace@aol.com
Location: Holy Trinity MBC/Superneighborhood 40/Southwest Community.
Area of expertise: Oncology, Heart and Diabetes Association speakers bureau, Adjunct Professor at Houston Community College.

Paula K. Lilja, RN, DNSc, EFCA Health and Caring Ministry Educator, FCN Coordinator/Educator
3213 Scenic Shore Drive
Seabrook TX 77586
(281) 532-3060
E-mail: paula.lilja2@verizon.net
Area of expertise: Teach Foundations of Faith Community Nursing as an online course.  Affiliated with EFCA-ReachNational Compassion and Justice.

Kathryn Medovich, RN, BS, FCN
Lourdes Parish Nurse & Health Ministry Coordinator
184 Court Street
Binghamton, NY 13901
(607) 621-6735 (cell)
(607) 321-2633 (work)
E-mail: kmedovich@lourdes.com
Area of expertise: Speaker's bureau; resource person; development of health ministries & parish nurse programs; health cabinets; recruitment; annual seminar, health literacy and health fairs, involved in end of life issues, Spirituality in the Workplace, Diversity Council, involved as volunteer and professional in faith community nursing/health ministry, coordinating multi-faith soup kitchen health ministry and board member of ACT (Allied Christians of Tioga) Meal, board member and volunteer of the Rescue Mission.

Marsha D. Thomas, RN, BSHA
Global Educational Opportunities
P.O. Box 46668
Cincinnati OH 45246
(513) 884-0881
E-mail: mizmdt@yahoo.com 
Area of expertise: Parish Nurse Coordinator, specialty in engaging faith communities to change health outcomes.

Selma Ann Verse, RN, MEd
5081 SE Burning Tree Circle
Stuart, FL 34997
Cell Phone: 954-629-7865
Home phone: 772-287-0813
Fax: 772-283-5563
E-mail: Verses5@aol.com
Area of expertise: Independent Nursing Education Consultant and Parish Nurse, resource for developing and maintaining a parish nurse practice.

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mrl-diamondFeatured Articles

Balint KA, George NM. Faith community nursing scope of practice: extending access to healthcare. J Christ Nurs. 2015 Jan-Mar;32(1):34-40.
The role of the Faith Community Nurse (FCN) is a multifaceted holistic practice focused on individuals, families, and the faith and broader communities. The FCN is skilled in professional nursing and spiritual care, supporting health through attention to spiritual, physical, mental, and social health. FCNs can help meet the growing need for healthcare, especially for the uninsured, poor, and homeless. The contribution of FCNs on, primary prevention, health maintenance, and management of chronic disease deserves attention to help broaden understanding of the scope of FCN practice.

Cooper J, Zimmerman W. The evaluation of a regional faith community network's Million Hearts program. Public Health Nurs. 2016 Jan-Feb;33(1):53-64.
Objective: The goal of the Million Hearts initiative is to prevent one million heart attacks and strokes by 2017. Maryland was one state in the Association of State and Territorial Health Official's Million Hearts State Learning Collaborative. Washington County, Maryland formed a collaboration between the County Health Department, Meritus Health System, and the Meritus Health Parish Nurse Coordinator to address hypertension in the county. Program Plan and Implementation: Within a regional network of 52 faith communities, the Parish Nurse Coordinator recruited 25 faith community nurses to participate in a three-month program. Nurses were trained on proper blood pressure measurement and 22 nurses identified 58 participants engaged in blood pressure self-monitoring and coaching for lifestyle changes. Additionally, nurses took 1,729 blood pressures and provided health education to individuals within their congregations. Program Evaluation: Fifty-one participants participated in blood pressure self-monitoring and lifestyle coaching with faith community nurses. There was improvement in six out of seven lifestyle areas. Eight-two percent of participants (N = 42) decreased their systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure over three months. Conclusion: Coaching provided by faith community nurses can create an environment of sustained support to promote improved lifestyle and blood pressure changes over time.

Dalencour M, Wong EC, Tang L, et al. The role of faith-based organizations in the depression care of African Americans and Hispanics in Los Angeles. Psychiatr Serv. 2016 Nov 15:appips201500318. [Epub ahead of print]
Objective: This study examined use of depression care provided by faith-based organizations (FBOs) by African Americans and Hispanics and factors associated with the receipt of such care, including mental illness severity and use of traditional mental health services. Methods: The study used baseline data from the Community Partners in Care study, a group-randomized trial comparing a community-partnered approach with a technical-assistance approach to improving depression care in underresourced communities in Los Angeles. A sample of 947 individuals (48% African American, 27% non-U.S.-born Hispanic, 15% U.S.-born Hispanic, and 10% non-Hispanic white) were surveyed about recent visits to a religious or spiritual place and receipt of FBO depression care. Descriptive analyses compared racial-ethnic, sociodemographic, and health service use variables for three groups: those who did not attend a religious place, those who attended a religious place and did not receive FBO depression services, and those who received FBO depression services. Multinomial logistic regression was used to identify predictors of receipt of FBO depression care. Results: A larger proportion of African Americans and non-U.S.-born Hispanics received FBO faith-based depression services compared with non-Hispanic whites and with U.S.-born Hispanics. Receipt of FBO depression services was associated with younger age, lifetime diagnosis of mania, use of primary care depression services, and receipt of a mental health service from a substance abuse agency. Conclusions: FBO depression services were used in the community, especially by persons from racial-ethnic minority groups. Collaborative efforts between FBOs and traditional health services may increase access to depression services for African Americans and Latinos.

Devido JA, Doswell WM, Braxter BJ, et al. Experiences of parish nurses in providing diabetes education and preconception counseling to women with diabetes. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2017 Jan 16. pii: S0884-2175(16)30475-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jogn.2016.10.010. [Epub ahead of print]
Objective: To explore the role and experiences of the parish nurse in providing diabetes education and preconception counseling to women with diabetes. Design: Mixed-methods concurrent embedded design. Setting: Focus groups of community-based parish nurses accessed from a regional database (Pennsylvania, Florida, Ohio, New York, Arizona, and Minnesota). Participants: Forty-eight parish nurses recruited from the Parish Nurse and Health Ministry Program database in Western Pennsylvania. Methods: The primary method was focus groups using face-to-face, teleconference, and videoconferencing formats. A secondary method used a quantitative descriptive design with three self-report measures (demographic, preconception counseling self-efficacy, and preconception counseling knowledge). Qualitative content analysis techniques were conducted and combined with descriptive analysis. Results: Forty-eight parish nurses participated in 1 of 11 focus groups. Eight qualitative themes emerged: Awareness, Experience, Formal Training, Usefulness, Willingness, Confidence, "Wise Women," and Preconception Counseling Tool for Patients. Participants provided recommendations for training and resources to increase their knowledge and skills. Parish nurses' knowledge scores were low (mean = 66%, range = 40%-100%) with only moderate levels of self-efficacy (mean = 99, range = 27-164). Self-efficacy had a significantly positive association with knowledge (r = .29, p = .05). CONCLUSION: Quantitative results were consistent with participants' qualitative statements. Parish nurses were unaware of preconception counseling and lacked knowledge and teaching self-efficacy as it related to preconception counseling and diabetes education. Understanding parish nurses' experiences with women with diabetes and identifying their needs to provide education and preconception counseling will help tailor training interventions that could affect maternal and fetal outcomes.

Elwell J. Practical health promotion: weekly health tips for the faith community. J Christ Nurs. 2015 Jul-Sep;32(3):174-8.
Evidence supports that people with higher levels of health literacy report higher levels of wellness. Using the weekly worship service of the faith community as a way to distribute health information is an ideal way to promote congregational knowledge of health issues. This article discusses using the printed church bulletin and other weekly church communications to disseminate parish health tips (PHTs), provides resources for developing PHT, and offers 52 PHT's.

Pappas-Rogich M, King M. Faith community nursing: supporting Healthy People 2020 initiatives. J Christ Nurs. 2014 Oct-Dec;31(4):228-34.
One innovative community-based setting to promote health is the faith community, where care is provided by a faith community nurse (FCN). This descriptive study describes the practice of FCNs, FCN functions and standards, identifies Healthy People 220 Leading Health Indicators being addressed by FCNs, and explores how the FCN model of community-based practice can support implementation of Healthy People 2020.

Sattin RW, Williams LB, Dias J, et al. Community trial of a faith-based lifestyle intervention to prevent diabetes among African-Americans. J Community Health. 2016 Feb;41(1):87-96.
About 75% of African-Americans (AAs) ages 20 or older are overweight and nearly 50% are obese, but community-based programs to reduce diabetes risk in AAs are rare. Our objective was to reduce weight and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and increase physical activity (PA) from baseline to week-12 and to month-12 among overweight AA parishioners through a faith-based adaptation of the Diabetes Prevention Program called Fit Body and Soul (FBAS). We conducted a single-blinded, cluster randomized, community trial in 20 AA churches enrolling 604 AAs, aged 20-64 years with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2) and without diabetes. The church (and their parishioners) was randomized to FBAS or health education (HE). FBAS participants had a significant difference in adjusted weight loss compared with those in HE (2.62 vs. 0.50 kg, p = 0.001) at 12-weeks and (2.39 vs. -0.465 kg, p = 0.005) at 12-months and were more likely (13%) than HE participants (3%) to achieve a 7% weight loss (p < 0.001) at 12-weeks and a 7% weight loss (19 vs. 8%, p < 0.001) at 12-months. There were no significant differences in FPG and PA between arms. Of the 15.2% of participants with baseline pre-diabetes, those in FBAS had, however, a significant decline in FPG (10.93 mg/dl) at 12-weeks compared with the 4.22 mg/dl increase in HE (p = 0.017), and these differences became larger at 12-months (FBAS, 12.38 mg/dl decrease; HE, 4.44 mg/dl increase) (p = 0.021). Our faith-based adaptation of the DPP led to a significant reduction in weight overall and in FPG among pre-diabetes participants.

Shores C. Spiritual interventions and the impact of a faith community nursing program. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2014 Apr;35(4):299-305.
Faith community nursing had its formal beginnings in the Midwestern United States in 1984 when six nurses received financial support from a local hospital to work in churches. Over time, the churches assumed increasing responsibility for the nurses' salaries. The success of this initiative was associated with the understanding that faith communities are dedicated to keeping people well. The number of programs increased over the past 30 years and now there are thousands of faith community nurses serving populations around the world. Research for this specialty practice has not experienced comparable growth, and is needed to further develop faith community nursing science. This study, based on the Roy Adaptation Model, used a qualitative design to identify spiritual nursing interventions that faith community nurses use in their practice, and to examine the spiritual impact of a faith community nursing program. Data were collected from faith community members, clergy representatives, and faith community nurses with a researcher-developed demographic tool and a six-item open-ended questionnaire that were both mailed to participants (N = 112; n = 52; response rate = 46%) and analyzed through content analysis. A variety of spiritual nursing interventions were identified. Themes related to the spiritual impact included the physical, mental, and spiritual health connection, caring, hope, spiritual support and benefits, and religious concepts.

Whisenant D, Cortes C, Hill J. Is faith-based health promotion effective? Results from two programs. J Christ Nurs. 2014 Jul-Sep;31(3):188-93.
Obesity and related chronic diseases are on the rise in the United States. At the same time, 69% of Americans are religious, while 40% attend church regularly. This study evaluated the health benefits of two different biblically-based health promotion programs offered through rural and metropolitan churches with varying resources. Participants in both programs experienced weight loss and positive health changes, supporting that churches can be an effective way to promote health in America.

Ziebarth D, Campbell KP. A transitional care model using faith community nurses. J Christ Nurs. 2016 Apr-Jun;33(2):112-118.
The Medicare mandatory readmission reduction program has hospitals scrambling to reduce 30-day readmissions. A Faith Community Nurse (FCN) Transitional Care Model was developed from systematic literature review of predictive factors of readmission and pre- and postdischarge interventions that decrease readmission. The model presents specific FCN care that occurs pre- and posthospital discharge to support the patient in transitioning from one level of care to another, move toward wholistic health, and avoid unnecessary readmission.

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mrl-diamondJournal Articles

[The following selected articles are from well-known journals and should be available in most nursing libraries.]

Anaebere AK, Delilly CR. Faith community nursing: supporting mental health during life transitions. Issues in Mental Health Nursing. 2012 May;33(5):337-9.

Anderson CM. The delivery of health care in faith-based organizations: parish nurses as promoters of health. Health Communication, 2004; 16(1):117-28.

Armmer FA, et al. Parish nursing: extending health care to urban African-Americans. N and HC Perspectives on Community, 1995 Mar-Apr;16(2):64-8.

Baldwin KA, et al.  Perceived health needs of urban African American church congregants.  Public Health Nursing, 2001 Sep-Oct, 18(5):295-303.

Bay MJ. Healing partners: the oncology nurse and the parish nurse. Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 1997 Nov;13(4):275-8.

Bergquist S, et al. Parish nursing--a conceptual framework. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 1994 Jun;12(2):155-70.

Biddix V, Brown HN. Establishing a parish nursing program. Nursing and Health Care Perspectives, 1999, Mar-Apr. 20(2):72-5.

Boario M.  Mercy model: Church-based health care in the inner city.  Journal of Christian Nursing, 1993 Winter;10(1):20-22.

Bokinskie JC, Kloster PK. Effective parish nursing: building success and overcoming barriers. Journal of Christian Nursing, 2008 Jan-Mar;25(1):20-5.

Boland CS. Parish nursing. Addressing the significance of social support and spirituality for sustained health-promoting behaviors in the elderly. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 1998  Sep;16(3):355-68.

Boutain DM. Collective knowledge sharing as a social justice strategy: the difference it made in a service project about preterm birth disparity. ANS Advances in Nursing Science. 2009 Apr-Jun;32(2):E68-80.

Brown AR, et al. Faith community nursing demonstrates good stewardship of community benefit dollars through cost savings and cost avoidance. Family & Community Health. 2009 Oct-Dec;32(4):330-8.

Brudenell I. Parish nursing: nurturing body, mind, spirit, and community. Public Health Nursing, 2003 Mar-Apr, 20(2):85-94

Brudenell I. Parish nursing: nurturing body, mind, spirit, and community. , 2003 Mar-Apr, 20(2):85-94

Buijs R, Olson J.  Parish nurses influencing determinants of health.  Journal of Community Health Nursing, 2001 Spring, 18(1):13-23.

Bunkers SS. A nursing theory-guided model of health ministry: human becoming in parish nursing. Nursing Science Quarterly, 1998 Spring;11(1):7-8.

Bunkers SS; Michaels C; Ethridge P. Advanced practice nursing in community: nursing's opportunity. Advanced Practice Nursing Quarterly, 1997, 2(4):79-84.

Carlson GE. Minister of health... the parish nurse. MCN: American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, 1989, 14(5):305-6.

Cassidy K.  Partners in healing: home care, hospice, and parish nurses.  Home Healthcare Nurse, 2002 Mar, 20(3):179-83.

Catanzaro AM, Meador KG, Koenig HG, Kuchibhatla M, Clipp EC. Congregational health ministries: a national study of pastors' views. Public Health Nursing, 2007 Jan-Feb;24(1):6-17.

Chase-Ziolek, M, Gruca J.  Clients' perceptions of distinctive aspects in nursing care received within a congregational setting.  Journal of Community Health Nursing, 2000 Fall, 17(3):171-83.

Chase-Ziolek M, Striepe J. A Comparison of urban versus rural experiences of nurses volunteering to promote health in churches. Public Health Nursing, 1999, 16(4):270-279.

Chase-Ziolek M, Iris M. Nurses' perspectives on the distinctive aspects of providing nursing care in a congregational setting. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 2002 Fall, 19(3):173-86.

Cherry C. Using Family History to Assess Women's Cancer Risk in a Parish Nurse Setting. Nursing and Health Sciences, 2006 Jun; 8(2):129.

Chesley DA. Parish nursing & cancer prevention. Texas Nursing, 1998, 72(6):5. 

Coenen A, Weis, DM, Matheus, R. Describing Parish Nurse Practice Using the Nursing Minimum Data Set. Public Health Nursing. 1999, 16(6):412-416.

Connor A, Donohue ML. Integrating faith and health in the care of persons experiencing homelessness using the parish nursing faculty practice model. Family & Community Health. 2010 Apr-Jun;33(2):123-32.

Cooper KC, King MA, Sarpong DF. Tipping the scales on obesity: church-based health promotion for African American women. J Christ Nurs. 2015 Jan-Mar;32(1):41-5.

Cowart LW, et al. Designing and pilot-testing a church-based community program to reduce obesity among African Americans. ABNF Journal. 2010 Winter;21(1):4-10.

Dandridge R. Faith community/parish nurse literature: exciting interventions, unclear outcomes. J Christ Nurs. 2014 Apr-Jun;31(2):100-6.

Daniels NA, Juarbe T, Moreno-John G, Perez-Stable EJ. Effectiveness of adult vaccination programs in faith-based organizations.Ethnicity & Disease, 2007 Winter;17(1 Suppl 1):S15-22.

DeHaven MJ, Hunter IB, Wilder L, Walton JW, Berry J. Health programs in faith-based organizations: are they effective? American Journal of Public Health, 2004 Jun; 94(6):1030-6.

DeSchepper C. Healthier Communities through Parish Nursing. Health Progress, 1999, 80(4):56-58.

Dossett E, Fuentes S, Klap R, Wells K. Obstacles and opportunities in providing mental health services through a faith-based network in Los Angeles. Psychiatric Services 2005 Feb; 56(2):206-8.

Drummond M; Buss TF; Ladigo MA. Volunteers for community health... parish nursing programs. Health Progress, 1992, 73(5):20-4.

Dunkle RM. Parish nurses help patients--body and soul. RN. 1996 May;59(5):55-7.

Dyess SM, Chase SK. Sustaining health in faith community nursing practice: emerging processes that support the development of a middle-range theory. Holistic Nursing Practice. 2012 Jul-Aug;26(4):221-7.

Dyess S, Chase SK, Newlin K. State of research for Faith Community Nursing 2009. Journal of Religion and Health. 2010 Jun;49(2):188-99.

Ebersole P.  Parish nurse leaders.  Geriatric Nursing, 2000 May;21(3):148-149.

Farrell SP, Rigney DB. From dream to reality: how a parish nurse program is born. Journal of Christian Nursing, 2005 Winter; 22(2):34-7.

Forster-Burke D, Ritter L, Zimmer S. Collaboration of a model osteoporosis prevention and management program in a faith community. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2010 Mar;39(2):212-9.

Friedemann ML, Mouch J, Racey T. Nursing the spirit: the Framework of Systemic Organization.
Journal of Advanced Nursing, 2002 Aug. 39(4):325-332.

Garity J, Ryan A. The impact of an advisory board on a parish nurse program. Journal of Nursing Administration, 2002 Dec, 32(12):616-9.

Grebeldinger TA, Buckley KM. You are not alone: parish nurses bridge challenges for family caregivers. J Christ Nurs. 2016 Jan-Mar;33(1):50-6.

Hall CP, Hall JD, Pfriemer JT, Wimberley PD, Jones CH. Effects of a culturally sensitive education program on the breast cancer knowledge and beliefs of Hispanic women. Oncology Nursing Forum, 2007 Nov;34(6):1195-202.

Harris MD. Nursing in the faith community. Nursing. 2011 Jan;41(1):46-8.

Hegarty M, Hammond L, Parish K, Glaetzer K, McHugh A, Grbich C. Nursing documentation: non-physical dimensions of end-of-life care in acute wards. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 2005 Dec; 11(12):632-6.

Hemstrom M, et al.  The clinical specialist in community health nursing: A solution for the 21st century.  Public Health Nursing, 2000 Sep-Oct;17(5):386-91.

Horton SE, Alvear EE, Horton DL. Health ministry partnerships: creating a habit for health. J Christ Nurs. 2014 Jan-Mar;31(1):28-33.

Huggins D. Parish nursing: a community-based outreach program of care. Orthopaedic Nursing, 1998 Mar-Apr;17(2 Suppl):26-30.

Hughes CB. Primary care parish nursing: outcomes and implications. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 2001 Fall; 26(1):45-59.

Joel LA. Parish nursing: as old as faith communities. American Journal of Nursing, 1998 Aug;98(8):7.

Kennedy BM, Paeratakul S, Champagne CM, et al. A pilot church-based weight loss program for African-American adults using church members as health educators: a comparison of individual and group intervention. Ethnicity and Disease, 2005 Summer; 15(3):373-8.

King JM, et al. Coalition building between public health nurses and parish nurses. Journal of Nursing Administration, 1993 Feb;23(2):27-31.

King MA, Pappas-Rogich M. Faith community nurses: implementing Healthy People standards to promote the health of elderly clients. Geriatric Nursing. 2011 Nov-Dec;32(6):459-64.

Kiser M; Boario M; Hilton D. Transformation for health: a participatory empowerment education training model in the faith community. Journal of Health Education, 1995, 26(6):361-5.

Kolb SE. Ministerio de Salud: development of a mission driven partnership for addressing health disparities in a Hispanic community. Journal of Multicultural Nursing and Health, 2003 Fall; 9(3): 6-12.

Kotecki CN. Incorporating faith-based partnerships into the curriculum. Nurse Educator, 2002 Jan-Feb, 27(1):13-5.

Kuhn JK. A profile of parish nurses. Journal of Christian Nursing, 1997 Winter, 14(1):26-8.

Laken MA, Wilcox S, Swinton R. Working across faith and science to improve the health of African Americans. Ethnicity & Disease, 2007 Winter;17(1 Suppl 1):S23-6.

Lenehan GP. Free clinics and parish nursing offer unique rewards. Journal of Emergency Nursing 1998 Feb;24(1):3-4.

Ludwig-Beymer P, et al. Keeping people healthy--parish nursing's role in CQI. Journal of Christian Nursing, 1998 Winter;15(1):28-31.

Maddox M. Clinical experience in parish nursing. Journal of Christian Nursing, 2003 Spring, 20(2):18-20.

Magilvy JK, et al. Parish nursing: advancing practice nursing. Model for healthier communities. Advanced Practice Nursing Quarterly, 1997 Spring;2(4):67-72.

Matteson MA, Reilly M, Moseley M.  Needs assessment of homebound elders in a parish church: Implications for parish nursing.  Geriatric Nursing, 2000 May;21(3):144-147.

Mayernik D, Resick LK, Skomo ML, Mandock K. Parish nurse-initiated interdisciplinary mobile health care delivery project. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2010 Mar;39(2):227-34.

McCabe J, Somers S. Faith community nursing: meeting the needs of seniors. Journal of Christian Nursing. 2009 Apr-Jun;26(2):104-9.

McDermott MA; Solari-Twadell PA; Matheus R. Promoting quality education for the parish nurse and parish nurse coordinator. Nursing and Health Care Perspectives, 1998, 19(1):4-6.

McDermott MA, et al. When the population is a congregation: the emerging role of the parish nurse. Journal of Community Health Nursing 1993;10(3):179-90.

McGee AK. Parish nursing brings health care closer to home. Texas Nursing, 1998, 72(6):4-5, 12. 

McGinnis SL, Zoske FM. The emerging role of faith community nurses in prevention and management of chronic disease. Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice, 2008 Aug;9(3):173-80.

McMillan LR, Smith-Hendricks C, Gore T. A volunteer citizen-servant pilot program using tailored messages to empower Alabamians to live healthier lives. Public Health Nursing. 2010 Nov-Dec;27(6):513-9.

Medvene LJ, Wescott JV, Huckstadt A, Ludlum J, Langel S, Mick K, Patrick R, Base M. Promoting signing of advance directives in faith communities. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2003 Nov; 18(11): 914-20.

Mendelson SG, McNeese-Smith D, Koniak-Griffin D, Nyamathi A, Lu MC. A community-based parish nurse intervention program for Mexican American women with gestational diabetes. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing. 2008 Jul-Aug;37(4):415-25.

Miles L. Getting started. Parish nursing in a rural community. Journal of Christian Nursing, 1997 Winter, 14(1):22-5.

Miller S, Carson S. A documentation approach for faith community nursing. Creative Nursing. 2010;16(3):122-31.

Miskelly S. A parish nursing model: applying the community health nursing process in a church community. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 1995, 12(1):1-14.

Monay V, Mangione CM, Sorrell-Thompson A, Baig AA. Services delivered by faith-community nurses to individuals with elevated blood pressure. Public Health Nursing. 2010 Nov-Dec;27(6):537-43.

Morris GS. Holistic health care for the medically uninsured: the Church Health Center of Memphis. Ethn Dis. 2015 Nov 5;25(4):507-10.

Mosack V, Medvene LJ, Wescott J. Differences between parish nurses and parish nurse associates: results of a statewide survey of an ecumenical network. Public Health Nursing, 2006 Jul-Aug; 23(4):347-53.

Nelson BJ.  Parish nursing:  Holistic care for the community.  AJN, 2000 May, 100(5):24A-24D.

Nist JA. Parish nursing programs. Through them, faith communities are reclaiming a role in healing. Health Progress, 2003 Jan-Feb, 84(1):50-4.

O'Brien M. Parish nursing: meeting spiritual needs of elders near the end of life. Journal of Christian Nursing, 2006 Summer; 23(1):28-33.

Olson JK, et al. Educating parish nurses. Canadian Nurse, 1998 Sep, 94(8):40-4.

Otterness N, Gehrke P, Sener IM. Partnerships between nursing education and faith communities: benefits and challenges. Journal of Nursing Education, 2007 Jan;46(1):39-44.

Parish nursing.  Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, 2001, Vol. 11, number 2 (whole issue).

Parish nursing: expanding the vision. Journal of Christian Nursing, Summer 2001, Vol. 18, number 3 (whole issue).

Parker W. How well do parish nurses document? Journal of Christian Nursing, 2004 Spring;21(2):13-4.

Patillo MM, Chesley D, Castles P. Faith community nursing: parish nursing/health ministry collaboration model in central Texas. Family & Community Health, 2002 Oct, 25(3):41-51.

Patterson DL. Eight advocacy roles for parish nurses. Journal of Christian Nursing, 2007 Jan-Mar;24(1):33-5.

Perkin K. Parish nursing and hospitals. Health Progress, 2007 Jan-Feb;88(1):44-7, 69.

Peterson, JE. Breaking the cycle of school violence. How can parish nurses help? Journal of Christian Nursing, Summer 2001, 18(3):20-23.

Peterson J, Atwood JR, Yates B. Key elements for church-based health promotion programs: outcome-based literature review. Public Health Nursing, 2002 Nov-Dec, 19(6):401-11.

Quenstedt-Moe G. Parish nursing & home care. Journal of Christian Nursing, 2003 Summer;20(3):26-30; comment 31.

Quinn ME, Guion WK. A faith-based and cultural approach to promoting self-efficacy and regular exercise in older African American women. Gerontology & Geriatrics Education. 2010;31(1):1-18.

Reifsnider E, et al. Shaking and rattling: developing a child obesity prevention program using a faith-based community approach. Family and Community Health. 2010 Apr-Jun;33(2):144-51.

Reilly JR, et al. Spread the word, not the germs: a toolkit for faith communities. Journal of Christian Nursing. 2011 Oct-Dec;28(4):205-11.

Rethemeyer A, Wehling BA. How are we doing? Measuring the effectiveness of parish nursing.Journal of Christian Nursing, 2004 Spring;21(2):10-2.

Reusch AC; Gilmore GD. Developing and Implementing a Healthy Heart Program for Women in a Parish Setting. Holistic Nursing Practice, 1999, 13(4):9-18.

Rouse DP.  Parish nursing: A community-based pediatric clinical experience.  Nurse Educator, 2000 Jan-Feb;25(1):8, 11.

Routson JL, Hinton ST. Domestic violence and the role of the parish nurse. Journal of Christian Nursing. 2010 Oct-Dec;27(4):302-5. PubMed PMID: 20949866.

Rush CH. Return on investment from employment of community health workers. Journal of Ambulatory Care Management. Vol. 35(2):133-7 (2012 Apr-Jun).

Rydholm L. Patient-focused care in parish nursing. Holistic Nursing Practice, 1997 Apr;11(3):47-60.

Rydholm L, et al. Care of community-dwelling older adults by faith community nurses. Journal of Gerontological Nursing. 2008 Apr;34(4):18-29.

Salewski RM. Meeting holistic health needs through a religious organization: the congregation. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 1993 Jun;11(2):183-96.

Schank MJ, et al. Parish nursing: ministry of healing. Geriatric Nursing, 1996 Jan-Feb;17(1):11-13.

Schumann R.  Documenting congregational nursing care: a model.  Journal of Christian Nursing, 1997 Spring, 14(2):32-4.

Schweitzer R, Norberg M, Larson L. The parish nurse coordinator: a bridge to spiritual health care leadership for the future. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 2002 Sep, 20(3):212-31; quiz 207-11.

Scott L, et al. How do parish nurses help people? A research perspective. Journal of Christian Nursing, 1993 Winter, 10(1):16-8.

Solari-Twadell A; Westberg G. Body, mind, and soul: the parish nurse offers physical, emotional, and spiritual care. Health Progress, 1991, 72(7):24-8.

Solari-Twadell PA, Hackbarth DP. Evidence for a new paradigm of the ministry of parish nursing practice using the nursing intervention classification system. Nurs Outlook. 2010 Mar-Apr;58(2):69-75.

Solari-Twadell PA. Providing coping assistance for women with behavioral interventions. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2010 Mar;39(2):205-11.

Solari-Twadell PA. The caring congregation. A healing place.  Journal of Christian Nursing, 1997 Winter, 14(1):4-9.

St Bowman C. Four keys to success in parish nursing. A California hospital and local churches cooperate to bring healthcare to the neighborhood. Health Progress, 1999, 80(2):40-2.

Striepe JM, et al. Basics for beginning a parish nurse program. Journal of Christian Nursing, 1993 Winter, 10(1):12-5.

Swinney J, Anson-Wonkka C, Maki E, Corneau J. Community Assessment: A Church Community and the Parish Nurse. Public Health Nursing. 2001 Jan-Feb, 18(1):40-4.

Taylor EJ, Testerman N, Hart D. Teaching spiritual care to nursing students:an integrated model. J Christ Nurs. 2014 Apr-Jun;31(2):94-9.

Thomas DJ, King MA.  Parish nursing assessment--what should you know?  Home Healthcare Nurse Manager, 2000 Sep-Oct, 4(5):11-13.

Thompson P. Clergy knowledge and attitudes concerning faith community nursing: toward a three-dimensional scale. Public Health Nursing. 2010 Jan-Feb;27(1):71-8.

Timmons SM. African American church health programs: what works? Journal of Christian Nursing. 2010 Apr-Jun;27(2):100-5.

Tompkins C, Sorrell JM. Older adults with Alzheimer's disease in a faith community. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 2008 Jan;46(1):22-5.

Trofino J, Hughes CB, Hay KM. Primary care parish nursing: academic, service, and parish partnership. Nursing Administration Quarterly 2000 Fall, 25(1):59-74.

Tuck I, Pullen L, Wallace D. A comparative study of the spiritual perspectives and interventions of mental health and parish nurses. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 2001, 22(6):593-606.

Tuck I, Wallace D, Pullen L. Spirituality and spiritual care provided by parish nurses. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 2001 Aug;23(5):441-462.

Tuck I, Wallace DC.  Exploring parish nursing from an ethnographic perspective.    Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 2000 Oct, 11(4):290-9.

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Weis D, et al. Health care delivery in faith communities: the parish nurse model. Public Health Nursing, 1997 Dec;14(6):368-72.

Weis D, Schank MJ, Matheus R. The process of empowerment: a parish nurse perspective. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 2006 Mar; 24(1):17-24.

Weis DM, Schank MJ, Coenen A, Matheus R. Parish nurse practice with client aggregates.
Journal of Community Health Nursing, 2002 Summer, 19(2):105-13.

Weis D, Schank MJ.  Use of a taxonomy to describe parish nurse practice with older adults.  Geriatric Nursing, 2000 May;21(3):125-131.

Westberg G. Parish nursing's pioneer. A JCN interview. Journal of Christian Nursing, 1989 Winter;6(1):26-9.

Westberg G.  The role of the congregation in preventive medicine.  Journal of Religion and Health, 1986:25(3):193-197.

Whisnant, Scott. The Parish Nurse: Tending to the Spiritual Side of Health. Holistic Nursing Practice, 1999 Oct.;14(1):84. 

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Willis RE, Krichten AE. Stopping the ouch of injury: injury prevention for faith community nurses. Journal of Trauma Nursing. 2012 Jan-Mar;19(1):17-22.

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Ziebarth DJ, Miller CL. Exploring parish nurses' perspectives of parish nurse training. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2010 Jun;41(6):273-80.

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mrl-diamondTheses and Dissertations

[Availability:  These are probably only available from the university or college where they were submitted or through a commercial information service like ProQuest Dissertations & Theses. Check with your local library to see if inter-library loan service is available.]

Bagley, Carol A. Parish Nurse Practice Implementation: Opportunities and Barriers. Ph.D. dissertation, Walden University, 2011 (130 p.).

Bay, Mary Josephine. Educational and Experiential Formation in Parish Nursing. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, 2004 (189 p.).

Bokinskie, Jean C. Perceived levels of empowerment in parish nursing. Ph.D. dissertation, University of North Dakota, 2010 (209 p.).

Boyes, Pattie Aletha. Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Parish Nursing Practice. M.Ed. dissertation, The University of Manitoba, Canada, 1999 (178 p.).

Burkhart, Elizabeth Ely. An Instance of Knowledge Representation: Measuring the Domain Completeness of the Nursing Interventions Classification System in Parish Nurse Documentation. Ph.D. dissertation, Loyola University of Chicago, 2002 (269 p.).

Cater, Gloria Jean Harris. Faith Community Nursing: A Case Study of Its Impact on African Americans with Type 2 Diabetes. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusetts Boston, 2010 (141 p.).

Chase-Ziolek, Mary Ann. Health Ministry in the Life of a Congregation with a Parish Nurse: Caring and Connecting through Christ. Ph.D. dissertation, Loyola University of Chicago, 1998 (292 p.).

Clark, Margaret Beckwith. Interdisciplinary Ministry Collaboration: Faith and Health. D.Min. dissertation, St. Stephen's College, Canada, 2000 (213 p.).

Deliganis JE. Parish Nurses' Perceptions of their Educational Needs: A Study of Nurses who have Attended the National Parish Nurse Resource Center's Orientation Programs. Thesis, Texas A&M University, 1994 (281 p.).

Devido, Jessica. Exploring the Role of the Parish Nurse in Providing Diabetes Education and Preconception Counseling to African American Women Using a Community-Engaged Mixed Methods Approach. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, 2014 (226 p.).

Dieffenbach L. The Parishioners' Perceptions and the Role of the Parish Nurse. Thesis, College Misericordia, 1992 (120 p.).

Flahive, Margaret Mary. Parish nurses: Promoting a Ministry of Service in Catholic Parishes in the Archdiocese of Milwaukee. Ed.D. dissertation, Cardinal Stritch University, 2002 (171 p.).

Fuentes SK. Effects of Parish Nursing on Client Wellness. Thesis, Azusa Pacific University, 1997 (89 p.).

Geeding, Dan Magnus. Ministering to "Twelve Step Oriented Persons" through Biblical Curriculum in the Context of Parish Nursing. D.Min. dissertation, Fuller Theological Seminary, 1999 (267 p.).

Glenn PA. The Parish Nurse and the Health Promotion Model: A Feasible Partnership? Thesis, Indiana Wesleyan University, 1993 (68 p.).

Gotwals, Beth Ann. Parish nurses' perceived self-efficacy in nutritional health promotion and disease prevention counseling. Ph.D. dissertation, Widener University School of Nursing, 2011 (237 p.).

Hanson MR. Development of a Congregation-Based Parish Nurse Practice within a Rural Faith Community. Thesis, Capital University, 1997 (214 p.).

Hill DW. A Study of the Parish Nurse Movement: Historical Evolution, Congregational Interest, and Parish Nurse Role Functioning. Thesis, Delta State University, 1996 (18 p.).

King MA. The experience of choosing the parish nurse for health care services. Ph.D. dissertation, West Virginia University, 2007 (148 p.).

Larson LC. An Investigation of Parish Nursing and the Relationships between Congregational Assessments, Comparisons and Partnerships. Thesis, Indiana Wesleyan University, 1997 (105p).

Mang, Ann Marie. Parish Nursing. M.S. dissertation, D'Youville College, 2001 (79 p.).

Mendelson SG. A Community-Based Parish Nurse Intervention Program for Mexican-American Women with Gestational Diabetes. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 2007 (124 p.).

Meyer, Anne Elizabeth. Parish Nursing and Health Ministry: Brought to a Pew Near You. M.S.N. dissertation, Bellarmine College, 1999 (33 p.).

Miller, Lynda Whitney. A Nursing Conceptual Model Grounded In Christian Faith. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Victoria, Canada, 1996 (253 p.).

Mobley, Deborah Darlene Simpson. The lived experience of faith community nurses living the call to health ministry. Ph.D. dissertation, Virginia Commonwealth University, 2009 (158 p.).

Moss MM. Nursing students' perceptions of clients' spirituality, spiritual needs, and spiritual care in faith communities. Ph.D. dissertation, George Mason University, 2007 (139 p.).

Myers, M. Parish nursing: A process of authenticating self through wholistic theocentric interconnecting. Dissertation, Ontario Institute of Studies in Education of the University of Toronto, 2000. [Contact lmmyers@wcl.on.ca for more information.]

Potter, Marcia. The Role of Health Ministry in the Global Healthcare Arena. M.A. dissertation, State University of New York Empire State College, 2006 (79 p.).

Roy L. Identification of the spiritual nursing care practices of volunteer parish nurses. Thesis, California State University, San Bernardino, Department of Nursing, 2003.

Scott LM. An adult and higher education perspective on the parish nursing experience. Dissertation, University of South Dakota, 1992 (248 p). [UMI Order #PUZ9228934]

Shores, Cynthia I. The impact of a faith community nursing program on a culturally diverse community. Ph.D. dissertation, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 2011 (425 p.).

Solari-Twadell, Phyllis Ann. The Differentiation of the Ministry of Parish Nursing Practice within Congregations. Ph.D. dissertation, Loyola University of Chicago, 2002 (227 p.).

Timko TA. Informal caregivers' perceptions of social support provided by parish nurses. Ph.D. dissertation, Catholic University of America, 2009 (126 p.).

Tormoehlen, Lucy. A Learning Needs Assessment of Parish Nurses. Ed.D. dissertation, Ball State University, 2009 (136 p.).

Voisine, Michelle Casey. The Lived Experience of Recipients of Parish Nursing Care. M.S.N. dissertation, Southern Connecticut State University, 2004 (79 p.).

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mrl-diamondEducational Opportunities

Baptist Hospitals of SE Texas Faith Community Nurse Teleconferences give free CE’s.  For all the details, contact rebekahseymour@bhset.net.

Concordia College, Parish Nurse Center, 901 8th St. S., Moorhead, MN 56562. Telephone: (218) 299-3893.

Health Ministries Association, Inc., 295 W. Crossville Rd., St. 130, Roswell, GA 30075, holds an annual national conference and exhibition each summer. See website or call 800-280-9919.

Pacific Lutheran University, Continued Nursing Education, Tacoma, WA 98447-0003 presents "Basic Preparation Course for Parish Nurses." Call (253) 535-7683.

Rural Nurse Resource Parish Nurse Community Outreach Basic Preparation and continuing education and spiritual journaling programs. http://www.ruralnurseresource.org  or call (806) 983-8096, or e-mail coordinator@ruralnurseresource.com

Watson Caring Science Institute. Call (303) 546-7970 for more information.

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External links to other sites are intended to be informational and do not have the endorsement of the Texas Department of State Health Services. These sites may also not be accessible to people with disabilities.

External email links are provided to you as a courtesy. Please be advised that you are not emailing the Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) and DSHS policies do not apply should you choose to correspond

Last updated March 2, 2017