Head Lice (Pediculosis) Fact Sheets
The following Fact Sheets provided in English and Spanish are copyright free and can be downloaded and printed off in black and white or color to be distributed to parents, caregivers, and school staff to help educate and inform about head lice.
Lice Fact Sheets - English
- What Are Lice? (Publication # E05-12864) (Color | B&W) (PDF)
- How Do I Know if My Child Has Lice and How Did They Get It? (Publication # E05-12865) (Color | B&W) (PDF)
- What Should I Do If My Child Has Lice? (Publication # E05-12866) (Color | B&W) (PDF)
- How Do I Keep Lice From Coming Back? (Publication # E05-12867) (Color | B&W) (PDF)
- Misconceptions and Truths about Lice Treatment (Publication # E05-12868) (Color | B&W) (PDF)
- Lice Resources (Publication # E05-12869) (Color | BW) (PDF)
Hoja informativa sobre los piojos de la cabeza - En Español
- ¿Qué son los piojos? (Publication # E05-12864) (Color | B&W) (PDF)
- ¿Cómo sé si mi hijo tiene piojos en la cabeza? Y, de ser así, ¿cómo se le pegaron? (Publication # E05-12865) (Color | B&W) (PDF)
- ¿Qué debo hacer si creo que mi hijo tiene piojos en la cabeza? (Publication # E05-12866) (Color | B&W) (PDF)
- ¿Cómo evito que vuelvan los piojos? (Publication # E05-12867) (Color | B&W) (PDF)
- Mitos, ideas erróneas y verdades sobre el tratamiento de los piojos de la cabeza (Publication # E05-12868 (Color | B&W) (PDF)
- Recursos sobre los piojos de la cabeza (Publication # E05-12869) (Color | B/W) (PDF)
State Law and School Policies Addressing Head Lice
Laws, Rules, and Policies
There is no law in Texas that addresses excluding children with head lice from school. DSHS does not have authority to impose a set policy about head lice on school districts. However, DSHS does urge school districts to ensure that its policies and procedures do not cause children to miss class unnecessarily. In addition, school districts’ policies and procedures should not encourage the embarrassment and isolation of students who suffer from repeated cases of head lice.
Lice are not a public health threat. They do not carry disease. Therefore, the Department of State Health Services does not monitor or track cases of head lice. It is up to each school district to create head lice policies and procedures, if they so choose…and some do. Talk to the school nurse or someone else in charge to find out what the school policy and procedures are in your school district. Refer to the topic "Setting Policies for Schools" that appears on this page for policy suggestions.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) states from a 2010 research study on head lice, the number one key point in the study: "No healthy child should be excluded from or allowed to miss school time because of head lice. No-nit policies for return to school should be abandoned." Information for schools is located at the end of the study article.
Source: Pediatrics Vol. 126 No. 2 August 1, 2010 pp. 392 - 403 http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/126/2/392.full?sid=10e25e1b-8146-470b-8c0a-3c3cc16460ec
A “no nit” policy is one that excludes students from school based on the presence of lice eggs whether or not live lice are present. The Department of State Health Services (DSHS) does not recommend a “no nit” policy. We do recognize, however, that school districts may adopt one as a local option.
Head lice infestation is a social issue not a health threat. “No nit” policies place a disproportionate amount of emphasis on head lice management than on real health concerns which should be a higher priority. This over-emphasis can lead to unproductive use of time by school staff and parents, missed classes, unnecessary absences, and parents missing work.
The complete DSHS “no-nit” policy is here:
(Microsoft Word document, 130kb)
(Adobe PDF, 40kb)
Additional information on “no-nit” policies for schools can be found through the American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Association of School Nurses .
Setting Policies for School Districts
Creating school district policies and procedures should be a joint effort with the district’s School Health Advisory Council, local health care providers, district administrators, school nurses, parents and other stakeholders. Remember, there is no Texas law that addresses head lice. School districts and campuses can create their own guidelines by developing written policies that:
- Facilitate efficient and consistent implementation by all campuses,
- Protect school nurses, teachers and other school staff,
- Create peace of mind for administrators and parents, and
- Ensure all children are treated in a fair and equitable manner.
Considerations for Policy Development
When developing policy, consider the following:
- Screening procedures–staying away from unwarranted mass screenings that disrupt student and teacher class time and take away from the nurses’ ability to address the needs of children who are sick and those with special healthcare considerations. Check the AAP study on head lice for [school] Screenings for guidance: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/126/2/392.full?sid=10e25e1b-8146-470b-8c0a-3c3cc16460ec
- Parent/Guardian Notification–including a lice information fact sheet or brochure with the student handbook at the beginning of the year and notification when there is an infestation confined to a specific classroom. Check the AAP study on head lice for Management on the Day of Diagnosis for guidance: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/126/2/392.full?sid=10e25e1b-8146-470b-8c0a-3c3cc16460ec.
- Exclusion Protocol–including what happens if the parent is not home. Check the AAP study on head lice for Management on the Day of Diagnosis for guidance: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/126/2/392.full?sid=10e25e1b-8146-470b-8c0a-3c3cc16460ec.
- Readmission criteria–consider stating they should use an FDA-approved, medicated treatment. Check the readmission criteria stated in the AAP study on head lice, noted above, for guidance: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/126/2/392.full?sid=10e25e1b-8146-470b-8c0a-3c3cc16460ec.
- Definition of and district response to excessive absences–may help address issue of parents who can’t keep their children free of lice. Texas Education Agency has criteria for excessive absences.
You may also want to address the following:
1. How the school/district may want to address those families that cannot afford to pay for the treatment to rid their child of lice.
2. Care in the classroom to prevent the spread of head lice.
3. In-service training for school staff.