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Relative Cancer Survival

Relative Cancer Survival image

The Texas Cancer Registry uses a measure called "Relative Survival" which is commonly reported by the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program (http://seer.cancer.gov). Relative survival presents cancer survival adjusted for other causes of death by comparing the survival among patients with cancer, to the expected survival rates in a comparable population (by age, gender and race) without cancer. Texas relative survival rates use the life tables available in SEER*Stat software, which are for U.S. populations by race for White, Black, and all Other (Asians and Pacific Islanders and American Indians, Alaskan Natives). 

Comparisons of Relative Survival for 10 Leading Cancers, Texas and SEER

Comparisons of 5-Year Cancer Survival Rates by Diagnosis Stage, Texas Adults

Five-Year Relative Cancer Survival Rates, Texas Cases, Leading Cancer Sites

Please Note: Relative Survival is problematic for Texas, with our large Hispanic population, and other race groups, since SEER has not yet provided Hispanic-specific life tables to adjust for competing causes of death. Therefore, the Texas Cancer Registry does not calculate Relative Survival by race and ethnicity. In contrast, Cause-Specific survival uses the specific cause-of-death on the death certificate, and only counts it if it is a cancer death. Since Cause-Specific survival analysis does not require life tables, the Texas Cancer Registry presents Cause-Specific Survival by race and ethnicity.

More information about cancer survival analysis, as well as information about software used to generate these survival statistics, can be found on the SEER website and links: https://seer.cancer.gov/statistics/types/survival.html


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Last updated May 23, 2017