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Summary Narrative

Summary of Vital Statistics for Texas 2014

In 2003, HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson approved the revision to the U.S. Standard Certificates of Birth, Death, and Fetal Death and encouraged all states to adopt them. The process involved in this revision, as well as details of what was revised, can be found at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/vital_certificate_revisions.htm. Consequently, some of the data are not directly comparable with previous revisions.

In 2005, Texas adopted the new U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth. The new U.S. Standard Certificates of Death and Fetal Death were implemented in 2006 in Texas.

There were 399,482 live births to Texas residents in 2014, an increase of 3.2 percent (12,372 more births) from 2013. The 2014 crude birth rate of 14.8 births per 1,000 population compared to 14.6 births per 1,000 in 2013.

The percentage of women receiving prenatal care in the first trimester was 61.6. This figure is not directly comparable to years prior to 2005 due to the implementation of a new birth certificate in Texas in 2005 (source: Technical Appendix from Vital Statistics of the United States, 2004. Natality in the Documentation of the Detail Natality Public Use File for 2004). In 2014, 98.5 percent of Texas resident births were delivered in a hospital. Physicians delivered 95.0 percent of infants born to Texas residents. The proportion of C-section deliveries decreased from 35.2 percent in 2013 to 34.8 percent in 2014.

Overall life expectancy for an infant born in Texas in 2014 was 78.2 years. A male infant born in 2014 could expect to live 75.8 years while a female infant could expect to live 80.7 years. Female infants had a higher life expectancy than male infants regardless of racial/ethnic group.

The number of deaths to Texas residents in 2014 was 183,303. This was a 2.7 percent increase in total deaths over 2013, when there were 178,501. The 2014 crude death rate of 6.8 deaths per 1,000 estimated population was slightly up from 6.7 in 2013. The natural increase of the Texas population, the excess of resident births over resident deaths, was 216,179.

Starting with 1999 deaths, the Vital Statistics Unit implemented the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). This change in the classification of causes of death explains the presence of new leading causes (like Alzheimer's disease) and may partially explain changes in other causes of death.

In 2014, diseases of the heart claimed 41,293 lives and continued to be the leading cause of death, followed by malignant neoplasms with 38,727 deaths. Cerebrovascular diseases ranked third with 9,852 deaths, and chronic lower respiratory diseases (formerly known as COPD) ranked fourth with 9,642 deaths. The fifth leading cause of death was accidents, which accounted for 9,598 deaths. These five leading causes were responsible for 59.5 percent of Texas resident deaths in 2014.

Completing the ten leading causes of death were: Alzheimer's disease, 6,755 deaths; diabetes mellitus, 5,327 deaths; septicemia, 4,102; nephritis and related diseases, with 3,997 deaths; and chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, 3,663 deaths. The ten leading causes together accounted for 72.5 percent of deaths to Texas residents.

The total number of infant deaths increased from 2,253 in 2013 to 2,320 in 2014. The infant mortality rate in 2014 remained the same as in 2013 at 5.8 per 1,000 live births.

The number of fetal deaths increased from 2,092 in 2013 to 2,200 in 2014. The fetal death ratio increased from 5.4 in 2013 to 5.5 in 2014. 

There were 177,230 marriages in 2014 compared to 179,173 marriages in 2013. The number of divorces decreased from 76,423 in 2013 to 71,988 in 2014.

The birth, death, and fetal death tabulations provided in this report are for residents of Texas. Births and fetal deaths are classified by the mother's county and city of residence. Deaths are classified by the county and city of residence of the decedent. Marriages are reported by county in which the marriage license was issued and divorces are reported by county in which the divorce decree was granted.  

Births and deaths which occurred in Texas to residents of other states are excluded from these tabulations. Events which occurred to Texas residents, regardless of the place of occurrence, are included. A small percentage of Texas resident events occur in other states, and knowledge of these events is obtained through an interstate transcript exchange in cooperation with other states and the National Center for Health Statistics.

2014 Annual Report List of Tables and References

Annual Reports for Other Years

Center for Health Statistics

Last updated April 1, 2019