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Medical and Research Library News - May 2018

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News and training opportunities
Cool websites and reports on hot topics*
Interesting journal articles*
New Books*

May 2018

mrl-diamondNews and training opportunities

Note: The following webinars and online classes are not affiliated with DSHS or the DSHS Library. They are presented here as opportunities to learn more information of interest to public health personnel.

Please remember you may request articles and/or literature searches by e-mailing the library at library@dshs.texas.gov or calling 512-776-7559. Special forms are not required. We look forward to hearing from you!

May 2, 2018 - 12:00 – 1:30 p.m. Hepatitis C - It's About More than Liver Disease. Clinical and patient experts will discuss the implications of hepatitis C outside the liver. Presented by National Viral Hepatitis Roundtable. See http://nvhr.org/program/HCVMoreThanLiverDisease

May 3, 2018 - 12:30 – 2:00 p.m. Understanding the Journey: The Past, Present, and Future of Cardiovascular Disease in Women. The NHLBI 70th Anniversary Lecture Series is designed to highlight not only significant advancements in the field of heart, lung, blood, and sleep research, but to also provide a visionary perspective of the promising opportunities ahead. Presented by the National Institute of Health. See https://videocast.nih.gov/summary.asp?live=27748&bhcp=1

May 8, 2018 - 1:30 - 3:00 p.m. All In Webinar: Using Electronic Health Data for Community Health - Part 2. This presentation from All In: Data for Community Health will provide a roadmap for how to overcome perceived barriers to using electronic health data for public health activities. See https://register.gotowebinar.com/register/1166048962900908546

May 9, 2018 - 1:00 - 2:00 p.m. Sneaky Sodium: Empowering Consumers with Sodium Warnings on Restaurant Meals. Learn more about the importance of sodium warnings and current research about their effectiveness. Presented by the National Association of County and City Health Officials. See https://events-na10.adobeconnect.com/content/connect/c1/1053915029/en/events/event/shared/1096389343/event_landing.html?sco-id=1249787674

May 9, 2018 - 2:00 – 3:00 p.m. Using Genetic Risk Scores in the Prevention and Control of Common Diseases: Opportunities and Challenges. Using cancer and heart disease as potential applications, this webinar will explore recent findings, scientific opportunities, and challenges in using genetic risk scores in the prevention and control of common diseases. This webinar is sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. See https://www.cdc.gov/genomics/events/webinar_precision_med7.htm

May 15, 2018 – 12:00 – 1:00 p.m. EMPOWER: A Community-Based Approach to Improve Care for Women with Newborns Affected by Perinatal Substance Use Disorder. Learn how one rural community collaborated to create a screening, referral, and support program called EMPOWER (Engaging Mothers for Posititve Outcomes with Early Referrals). This innovative approach helps support women and improve outcomes by identifying and addressing barriers to care, for patients, health care providers, and their community. Presented by the National Network of Libraries of Medicine. See https://nnlm.gov/class/empower-community-based-approach-improve-care-women-newborns-affected-perinatal-substance-use

May 22, 2018 - 12:00 - 1:30 p.m. Sustainable Strategies for Asthma Care: Best Practices from the 2018 Asthma Award Winners. The award-winning programs will share successful strategies for engaging community health workers and pursuing program sustainability, tracking data effectively to measure key program outcomes and cost savings, and pursuing reimbursement through Medicaid and from health plans. This webinar is sponsored by the Environmental Protection Agency. See https://register.gotowebinar.com/register/2973774722711484417

mrl-diamondCool websites and reports on hot topics*

ChangeTalk - The American Academy of Pediatrics Institute for Healthy Childhood Weight developed the free “ChangeTalk: Childhood Obesity” online resource for providers to learn and practice motivational interviewing skills with interactive avatars and clinical encounters with a patient and parent challenged by obesity. See https://go.kognito.com/changetalk

Countering False Information on Social Media in Disasters and Emergencies - This white paper examines motivations people may have for sharing false information, discusses underlying issues that cause false information, and offers case studies from recent disasters to illustrate the problem. Provided by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. See https://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/SMWG_Countering-False-Info-Social-Media-Disasters-Emergencies_Mar2018-508.pdf

Evaluation of Healthy Fit: A Community Health Worker Model to Address Hispanic Health Disparities - This study evaluates the effectiveness of Healthy Fit in reaching Hispanic Americans facing health disparities, and helping participants access preventive health services and make behavior changes to improve heart health. From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. See https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2018/17_0347.htm

Graphic Medicine: Ill-conceived and Well-drawn – Explore this exhibition of graphic medicine works that are part of the resources of the National Library of Medicine. This exhibit shows the creators’ experiences of illness and health through a medium that is approachable and relateable. Artists and authors have drawn and written about cancer, HIV/AIDS, Alzheimer’s Disease, sexual assault, and more. See https://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/graphicmedicine/collection.html

Health Care in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands: A Six-Month Check-Up After the Storms - Drawing on interviews with residents and key stakeholders as well as public reports, this brief provides an overview of the status of the recovery efforts six months after the storms, with a focus on the health care systems. Provided by the Kaiser Family Foundation. See https://www.kff.org/medicaid/issue-brief/health-care-in-puerto-rico-and-the-u-s-virgin-islands-a-six-month-check-up-after-the-storms-report/

Protracted Outbreak of Salmonella Newport Infections Linked to Ground Beef: Possible Role of Dairy Cows - 21 States, 2016-2017 - This report summarizes the investigation of a January 2017 Salmonella enterica outbreak and discusses the possible role of dairy cows as a reservoir for strains of Salmonella that persistently cause human illness. Provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. See https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6715a2.htm

A State of Decay, Vol. IV – This state-by-state report from Oral Health America assesses the oral health of America's 65+ population. Download of full report requires free registration. See https://oralhealthamerica.org/astateofdecay

Substance Use Disorder: Information on Recovery Housing Prevalence, Selected States' Oversight, and Funding – This report looks at federal health care funding for recovery homes, as well as the actions of Florida, Massachusetts, Ohio, Texas, and Utah to investigate and oversee these homes in their states. Provided by the United States Government Accountability Office. See https://lnks.gd/l/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJlbWFpbCI6ImFubmUudGFycGV5QGRzaHMudGV4YXMuZ292IiwiYnVsbGV0aW5fbG

A Tipping Point: Leveraging Opportunities to Improve the Nutritional Quality of Food Bank Inventory - This report assesses how and to what extent nutrition is addressed by food banks, and the proportion of healthy versus unhealthy foods that are distributed in the charitable food system. From the Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity USA. See http://www.uconnruddcenter.org/files/Pdf/MAZON-TippingPointReport-FINAL.pdf

What Do Patients with Diabetes Think of Health Coaching? – This brief examines the health coaching model of Harlem-based City Health Works. Coaches use an evidence-based curriculum and motivational interviewing to educate clients about their chronic disease and help them improve their nutrition, medication adherence, physical activity, stress management, and engagement with primary care providers. From the Urban Institute. See https://www.urban.org/research/publication/what-do-patients-diabetes-think-health-coaching

mrl-diamondInteresting journal articles*

Bragg M, Miller A, Roberto C, Sam R, Sarda V, Harris J, Brownell K.   Sports sponsorships of food and nonalcoholic beverages. Pediatrics. 2018;141(4):1-11.
Background: Food and nonalcoholic beverage companies spend millions of dollars on professional sports sponsorships, yet this form of marketing is understudied. These sponsorships are valuable marketing tools but prompt concerns when unhealthy products are associated with popular sports organizations, especially those viewed by youth.
Method: This descriptive study used Nielsen audience data to select 10 sports organizations with the most 2-17 year old viewers of 2015 televised events. Sponsors of these organizations were identified and assigned to product categories. We identified advertisements promoting food and/or nonalcoholic beverage sponsorships on television, YouTube, and sports organization Web sites from 2006 to 2016, and the number of YouTube advertisement views. The nutritional quality of advertised products was assessed.

Cho J, Thorud J, Marishak-Simon S, Hammack L, Stevens AB. Frequency of hospital use before and after home-delivery meal by Meals On Wheels, of Tarrant County, Texas. J Nutr Health Aging. 2018;22(4):519-525.
Background: Patients recently discharged from the hospital are vulnerable and are at high risk for readmission. Home-delivered meals may be beneficial in improving their health and facilitating independent living in the community. The purpose of this study was to identify the association between home-delivered meals and use of hospital services.
Methods: This study includes 120 clients recently discharged from an inpatient hospital stay or from an emergency department (ED) visit who received meal services from Meals On Wheels, Inc., of Tarrant County. Healthcare utilization data was extracted from the Dallas-Fort Worth Hospital Council Foundation, a regional all claims database used by over 90% of hospitals in Dallas-Fort Worth area. Signed tests and generalized linear models (GLM) were performed.

Dailey S, Zhu Y. Communicating health at work: Organizational wellness programs as identity bridges. Health Commun. 2017;32(3):261-268.  
With the growth in workplace health promotion (WHP) initiatives, organizations are asking employees to enact their personal health identities at work. To understand this prominent yet poorly understood phenomenon, we surveyed 204 employees at a company with a WHP program and found that participation in the wellness program mediated personal health and organizational identities. Results fill a gap in communication literature by demonstrating the effect of individual identity enactment on organizational identification and contribute to recent research stressing the relationship between identity and health behaviors. In addition, findings illuminate the role of situated activity in identity negotiation, suggesting that certain activities in organizations, like wellness programs, serve as identity bridges between personal and work-related identity targets.

Horon I, Singal P, Fowler D, Sharfstein J. Standard death certificates versus enhanced surveillance to identify heroin overdose-related deaths. [published online ahead of print April 19, 2018]. Am J Public Health. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2018.304385.
Objectives: To compare 2 approaches to identifying heroin-related deaths in cases of overdose: standard death certificates and enhanced surveillance.
Methods: We reviewed Maryland death certificates from 2012 to 2015 in cases of overdose to determine specific mentions of heroin. Counts were compared with estimates obtained through an enhanced surveillance approach that included a protocol considering cause of death, toxicology, and scene investigation findings.
Results: Death certificates identified 1130 heroin-related deaths. Enhanced surveillance identified 2182 cases, nearly double the number found through the standard approach. The major factors supporting enhanced surveillance in identifying cases were the presence of morphine, either alone or in combination with quinine, and scene investigation information suggesting heroin use.
Conclusions: Death certificates, the primary source of state and national data on overdose deaths, may underestimate the contribution of heroin to drug-related mortality. Enhanced surveillance efforts should be considered to allow a better understanding of the contribution of heroin to the overdose crisis. Public Health Implications. If enhanced surveillance can be incorporated into the death certificate process, national data on overdoses may better reflect the contribution of heroin to the opioid crisis.

Howard A, Visintine J, Fergie J, Deleon M. Two infants with presumed congenital Zika syndrome, Brownsville, Texas, USA, 2016–2017. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018;24(4):625-630.
Since 2007, Zika virus has spread through the Pacific Islands and the Americas. Beginning in 2016, women in Brownsville, Texas, USA, were identified as possibly being exposed to Zika virus during pregnancy. We identified 18 pregnant women during 2016–2017 who had supportive serologic or molecular test results indicating Zika virus or flavivirus infection. Two infants were evaluated for congenital Zika syndrome after identification of prenatal microcephaly. Despite standard of care testing of mothers and neonates, comparative results were unreliable for mothers and infants, which highlights the need for clinical and epidemiologic evidence for an accurate diagnosis. A high index of suspicion for congenital Zika syndrome for at-risk populations is useful because of current limitations of testing.

Krieger M, Yedinak J, Buxton J, et al. High willingness to use rapid fentanyl test strips among young adults who use drugs. Harm Reduct J. 2018;15(1):7. doi: 10.1186/s12954-018-0213-2.
Background: Synthetic opioid overdose mortality among young adults has risen more than 300% in the USA since 2013, primarily due to the contamination of heroin and other drugs with illicitly manufactured fentanyl. Rapid test strips, which can be used to detect the presence of fentanyl in drug samples (before use) or urine (after use), may help inform people about their exposure risk. The purpose of this study was to determine whether young adults who use drugs were willing to use rapid test strips as a harm reduction intervention to prevent overdose. We hypothesized that those who had ever overdosed would be more willing to use the test strips.
Methods: We recruited a convenience sample of young adults who use drugs in Rhode Island from May to September 2017. Eligible participants (aged 18 to 35 with past 30-day drug use) completed an interviewer-administered survey. The survey assessed participant's socio-demographic and behavioral characteristics, overdose risk, as well as suspected fentanyl exposure, and willingness to use take-home rapid test strips to detect fentanyl contamination in drugs or urine. Participants were then trained to use the test strips and were given ten to take home.
Results: Among 93 eligible participants, the mean age was 27 years (SD = 4.8), 56% (n = 52) of participants were male, and 56% (n = 52) were white. Over one third (n = 34, 37%) had a prior overdose. The vast majority (n = 86, 92%) of participants wanted to know if there was fentanyl in their drug supply prior to their use. Sixty-five (70%) participants reported concern that their drugs were contaminated with fentanyl. After the brief training, nearly all participants (n = 88, 95%) reported that they planned to use the test strips.
Conclusions: More than 90% of participants reported willingness to use rapid test strips regardless of having ever overdosed, suggesting that rapid fentanyl testing is an acceptable harm reduction intervention among young people who use drugs in Rhode Island. Study follow-up is ongoing to determine whether, how, and under what circumstances participants used the rapid test strips and if a positive result contributed to changes in overdose risk behavior.

MacIntyre C, Costantino V, Chen X, et al. Influence of population immunosuppression and past vaccination on smallpox reemergence. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018;24(4):646-653. 
We built a SEIR (susceptible, exposed, infected, recovered) model of smallpox transmission for New York, New York, USA, and Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, that accounted for age-specific population immunosuppression and residual vaccine immunity and conducted sensitivity analyses to estimate the effect these parameters might have on smallpox reemergence. At least 19% of New York’s and 17% of Sydney’s population are immunosuppressed. The highest smallpox infection rates were in persons 0–19 years of age, but the highest death rates were in those >45 years of age. Because of the low level of residual vaccine immunity, immunosuppression was more influential than vaccination on death and infection rates in our model. Despite widespread smallpox vaccination until 1980 in New York, smallpox outbreak severity appeared worse in New York than in Sydney. Immunosuppression is highly prevalent and should be considered in future smallpox outbreak models because excluding this factor probably underestimates death and infection rates.

Mokdad AH, Ballestros K, Echko M, et al. The state of US health, 1990-2016: Burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors among US states. JAMA. 2018;319(14):1444-1472.
Introduction: Several studies have measured health outcomes in the United States, but none have provided a comprehensive assessment of patterns of health by state.
Objective: To use the results of the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) to report trends in the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors at the state level from 1990 to 2016.
Design and setting: A systematic analysis of published studies and available data sources estimates the burden of disease by age, sex, geography, and year.
Main outcomes and measures: Prevalence, incidence, mortality, life expectancy, healthy life expectancy (HALE), years of life lost (YLLs) due to premature mortality, years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 333 causes and 84 risk factors with 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs) were computed.

Oesterle S, Kuklinski M, Hawkins J, Skinner M, Guttmannova K, Rhew I. Long-term effects of the communities that care trial on substance use, antisocial behavior, and violence through age 21 years. Am J Public Health. 2018;108(5):659-665.
Objectives: To evaluate whether the effects of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention system, implemented in early adolescence to promote positive youth development and reduce health-risking behavior, endured through age 21 years.
Methods: We analyzed 9 waves of prospective data collected between 2004 and 2014 from a panel of 4407 participants (grade 5 through age 21 years) in the community-randomized trial of the CTC system in Colorado, Illinois, Kansas, Maine, Oregon, Utah, and Washington State. We used multilevel models to evaluate intervention effects on sustained abstinence, lifetime incidence, and prevalence of past-year substance use, antisocial behavior, and violence.

Schaber C, Katta N, Bollinger L, et al. Breathprinting reveals malaria-associated biomarkers and mosquito attractants. J Infect Dis. 2018;217(10):1553-1560. 
Current evidence suggests that malarial infection could alter metabolites in the breath of patients, a phenomenon that could be exploited to create a breath-based diagnostic test. However, no study has explored this in a clinical setting. To investigate whether natural human malarial infection leads to a characteristic breath profile, we performed a field study in Malawi. Breath volatiles from children with and those without uncomplicated falciparum malaria were analyzed by thermal desorption-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Using an unbiased, correlation-based analysis, we found that children with malaria have a distinct shift in overall breath composition. Highly accurate classification of infection status was achieved with a suite of 6 compounds. In addition, we found that infection correlates with significantly higher breath levels of 2 mosquito-attractant terpenes, α-pinene and 3-carene. These findings attest to the viability of breath analysis for malaria diagnosis, identify candidate biomarkers, and identify plausible chemical mediators for increased mosquito attraction to patients infected with malaria parasites.

Schwartz M, Henderson K, Read M, Cornelius T. Student acceptance of plain milk increases significantly 2 years after flavored milk is removed from school cafeterias: An observational study. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2018;118(5):857-864.
Background: Previous studies document decreases in lunchtime milk consumption immediately after flavored milk is removed. Less is known about longer-term effects.
Objective: Plain milk selection and consumption were measured the first year flavored milk was removed in a school district (2010 to 2011 [Time 1]) and 2 years later (2012 to 2013 [Time 2]). Four behavioral economic interventions to promote milk were tested in one school at Time 2.
Results: At Time One, 51.5% of students selected milk and drank 4 oz (standard deviation=3.2 oz) per carton, indicating school-wide per-student consumption of 2.1 oz (standard deviation=3.0 oz). At Time Two, 72% of students selected milk and consumed 3.4 oz per carton (standard deviation=3.2 oz), significantly increasing the school-wide per-student consumption to 2.5 oz (standard deviation=3.1 oz). Older students and boys consumed significantly more milk. Availability of 100% fruit juice was associated with a 16–percentage point decrease in milk selection. None of the behavioral economic interventions significantly influenced selection.
Conclusions: These data suggest that after flavored milk is removed from school cafeterias, school-wide per-student consumption of plain milk increases over time. In addition, the presence of 100% juice is associated with lower milk selection.

Tabaei B, Rundle A, Wu W, et al. Associations of residential socioeconomic, food, and built environments with glycemic control in persons with diabetes in New York City from 2007–2013. Am J Epidemiol. 2018;187(4):736-745.
In the present study, we examined the longitudinal associations between residential environmental factors and glycemic control in 182,756 adults with diabetes in New York City from 2007 to 2013. Glycemic control was defined as a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level less than 7%. We constructed residential-level measures and performed principle component analysis to formulate a residential composite score. On the basis of this score, we divided residential areas into quintiles, with the lowest and highest quintiles reflecting the least and most advantaged residential environments, respectively. Several residential-level environmental characteristics, including more advantaged socioeconomic conditions, greater ratio of healthy food outlets to unhealthy food outlets, and residential walkability were associated with increased glycemic control. Individuals who lived continuously in the most advantaged residential areas took less time to achieve glycemic control compared with the individuals who lived continuously in the least advantaged residential areas (9.9 vs. 11.5 months). Moving from less advantaged residential areas to more advantaged residential areas was related to improved diabetes control (decrease in HbA1c = 0.40%, 95% confidence interval: 0.22, 0.55), whereas moving from more advantaged residential areas to less advantaged residential areas was related to worsening diabetes control (increase in HbA1c = 0.33%, 95% confidence interval: 0.24, 0.44). These results show that residential areas with greater resources to support healthy food and residential walkability are associated with improved glycemic control in persons with diabetes.

Tsui E, Starecheski A. Uses of oral history and digital storytelling in public health research and practice. Public Health. 2018;154:24-30.
Objectives: Oral history (OH) and digital storytelling (DST) have been used in a range of ways in public health, including educating populations about health-protecting practices, advocating for improved clinical care and reflecting on public health efforts to combat infectious disease. Yet, these methods are rarely recognized for their potential to contribute to public health research and practice. The aim of this article is to assess how OH and DST have been used in the health fields and to provide examples of ways that these methods have contributed to work in several domains of public health.
Methods: We conducted a narrative review of articles gathered from PubMed using the search terms 'oral history' and 'digital storytelling', which resulted in 102 articles relevant to public health. We then conducted a thematic analysis to create a typology of article topics and to examine cross-cutting themes.
Results: OH and DST have been used for both research and interventions in public health. Specifically, they have been used to 1) examine health risks and experiences; 2) engage and educate populations; 3) educate clinical professionals and organizations; and 4) inform public health practice.
Conclusions: Despite the time, resources, and training required to do OH and DST well, we argue that these methods have substantial potential for supplementing public health activities, allowing the field to glean additional lessons from its experiences, to educate its practitioners further, and to better learn from the experiences of communities affected by public health problems.

mrl-diamondNew Books*

1. The Cure Within: A History of Mind-body Medicine. By Anne Harrington.
2. Flu: The Story of the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 and the Search for the Virus That Caused It. By Gina Kolata.
3. The Real Truth About Aging: A Caregiver’s Guide. By James N. Kvale.
4. The Secret History of the War on Cancer. By Devra Davis.
5. Spanish for Health Care Professionals. By William C. Harvey.
6. Working with Difficult People. By Muriel Solomon.

*For More Information:  Employees may contact the Medical and Research Library at library@dshs.texas.gov, call 512-776-7559, or come by Moreton Building, Room M-652, to borrow a print book, receive password access to a journal, receive other research assistance, or to obtain full-text of the articles mentioned in this month's news. If you are not located on the main campus in Austin, simply let us know what you would like to borrow and we will mail it to you.

Fine print section: If any of the internet links do not open for you, please let us know and we will send you what you need. The MRL Library News e-mail is sent about once a month or when important library news or events occur. If you have co-workers who would like to subscribe, please e-mail library@dshs.texas.gov. If for any reason you would like to unsubscribe, please send an e-mail to library@dshs.texas.gov with Unsubscribe in the subject line. Recent issues of this newsletter are on the web at http://www.dshs.texas.gov/library/news.shtm. Thank you!

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Last updated July 6, 2018