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Medical and Research Library News - September 2018

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News and training opportunities
Cool websites and reports on hot topics*
Interesting journal articles*
New eBooks*

September 2018

mrl-diamondNews and training opportunities

Note: The following webinars and online classes are not affiliated with DSHS or the DSHS Library. They are presented here as opportunities to learn more information of interest to public health personnel.

September 6, 2018; 11 a.m. – Noon. Leveraging Health Information and Technology to Mitigate the Opioid Crisis: Policy Landscape and Steps Forward. The third in a series of webinars hosted by the HIMSS Government Relations team, this webinar serves as a follow up to the two webinars held on June 4th and July 30th and will dive deeper into federal and state efforts and steps forward to address the crisis through information and technology. https://himss.webex.com/mw3200/mywebex/default.do?nomenu=true&siteurl=himss&service=6&rnd=0.9967223033282853&main_url=https%3A%2F%2Fhimss.webex.com%2

September 6, 2018; 11 a.m. – Noon. Principles of Plain Language. Using plain language is important because it can help your clients understand the information you are sharing with them. Dr. Cynthia Baur, Director of the Horowitz Center for Health Literacy will explain three main principles that you can apply in your own work. https://umd.webex.com/mw3300/mywebex/default.do?nomenu=true&siteurl=umd&service=6&rnd=0.9522720031540013&main_url=https%3A%2F%2Fumd.webex.com

September 10, 2018; 1 – 2:30 p.m. Addressing Social Determinants of Health: Connecting People with Complex Needs to Community Resources. This webinar from the Center for Healthcare Strategies, Inc. will cover strategies for addressing social determinants of health (SDOH) through screening approaches, innovative technologies that track social service referrals, and development of strong connections with community partners. https://www.chcs.org/resource/addressing-social-determinants-of-health-connecting-people-with-complex-needs-to-community-resources/

September 12, 2018; 1- 2 p.m. Rural Poverty Fifty Years After The People Left Behind. When President Johnson’s National Advisory Commission on Rural Poverty issued its report The People Left Behind in 1967, the rural poverty rate in America was 25 percent, twice the urban poverty rate. This webinar will review the nation’s progress in reducing rural poverty in the United States, summarizing what has been learned about changes in the economics, demography and geography of rural poverty and about the impact of the social safety net over the last 50 years, and they will offer suggestions about needed research and policy going forward. https://www.irp.wisc.edu/resource/rural-poverty-fifty-years-after-the-people-left-behind/

September 19, 2018; 10 – 11 a.m. Assessing a Community – By The Numbers with Census Data. Sponsored by the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, this webinar will train participants on using the most relied-on source for detailed, up-to-date socio-economic statistics covering every community in the nation. This forum is designed for organizations that use data for community analysis, grant writing, needs assessment, and planning. https://nnlm.gov/class/assessing-community-numbers-census-data/8882

September 19, 2018; 11 a.m. – Noon. Rural-Urban Differences in Delivery Systems for Population Health Activities. Understanding variation across urban and rural public health delivery systems is crucial to improving health. This webinar examines local health systems in both urban and rural communities to better understand how and why differences across communities exist. https://cc.readytalk.com/registration/#/?meeting=a8hxkrrakx8d&campaign=tah1tnf40d1v

September 20, 2018; 9 – 10 a.m. Effect of weight loss interventions for adults who are obese on mortality and morbidity: What’s the Evidence? Health Evidence will be hosting a 60 minute webinar examining the effect of weight loss interventions for adults on mortality, cardiovascular disease, cancer and body weight. https://health-evidence.webex.com/mw3300/mywebex/default.do?nomenu=true&siteurl=health-evidence&service=6&rnd=0.10864870105432711&main_url=https%3A%2F2Fhealthevidence.webex.com%2Fec3300

September 26, 2018; 11 a.m. – Noon. Addressing the Challenge of Antimicrobial Resistance. This NIH webcast will look at national strategies to track and improve antibiotic use and the impact of antimicrobial resistance on patient outcomes through a big data lens. https://videocast.nih.gov/summary.asp?live=28401&bhcp=1

September 27, 2018; 1 – 2 p.m. 2018-2019 Recommendations for Influenza Prevention and Treatment in Children: An Update for Pediatric Providers. During this CDC webinar, subject matter experts from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and CDC will discuss strategies primary care providers and medical subspecialists can use to improve flu prevention and control in children for the 2018-2019 season. The presenters will share AAP and CDC recommendations about influenza vaccination and antiviral treatment, including updated recommendations for the use of intranasal live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV4) in children. https://emergency.cdc.gov/coca/calls/2018/callinfo_092718.asp

mrl-diamondCool websites and reports on hot topics*

Breastfeeding Report Card: United States, 2018 – To track our nation’s progress on achieving the Healthy People 2020 goals, CDC’s 2018 Breastfeeding Report Card provides a compilation of data on breastfeeding practices and supports in all states, the District of Columbia (DC), Puerto Rico, Guam, and the US Virgin Islands. https://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/data/reportcard.htm

Climate Change, Health, and Equity: A Guide for Local Health Departments –  Authored by Public Health Institute with support from APHA, the Kresge Foundation, and the California Department of Public health, this guide includes overviews of climate science, health impacts of climate change and how health equity fits into the equation. It discusses what local health departments can do to include climate change and health equity into assessment and surveillance, intersectoral collaboration, community engagement and education, climate and health communications, preparedness and more.  https://www.apha.org/-/media/files/pdf/topics/climate/climate_health_equity.ashx?la=en&hash=14D2F64530F1505EAE7AB16A9F9827250EAD6C79

Diabetes in America, 3rd Edition – A compilation and assessment of epidemiologic, public health, clinical, and clinical trial data on diabetes and its complications in the United States. Published by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/about-niddk/strategic-plans-reports/diabetes-in-america-3rd-edition

Immigration as a Social Determinant of Health – Given the sizable representation of immigrants in the U.S. population, their health is a major influence on the health of the population as a whole. On average, immigrants are healthier than native-born Americans. Yet, immigrants also are subject to the systematic marginalization and discrimination that often lead to the creation of health disparities. To explore the link between immigration and health disparities, the Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity held a workshop in Oakland, California, on November 28, 2017. This summary of that workshop highlights the presentations and discussions of the workshop. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25204/immigration-as-a-social-determinant-of-health-proceedings-of-a

Improving Customer Service in Health and Human Services Through Technology – This paper from the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities examines the new phase of "client-facing technology" to streamline state and local government administration of eligibility, enrollment, and case management of programs supporting low-income families. It describes best practices by technology, including web-based tools, mobile-based technology, and call center tools. https://www.cbpp.org/sites/default/files/atoms/files/8-23-18health.pdf

One Year After the Storm: Texas Gulf Coast Residents’ Views and Experiences with Hurricane Harvey Recovery –  In order to understand the needs and circumstances of vulnerable Texans affected by the hurricane, the Kaiser Family Foundation and the Episcopal Health Foundation partnered to conduct two surveys of adults living in 24 counties along the Texas coast that were particularly hard-hit. https://www.kff.org/other/report/one-year-after-storm-texas-gulf-coast-residents-views-experiences-hurricane-harvey-recovery/

mrl-diamondInteresting journal articles*

Au L, Gurzo K, Gosliner W, Webb L, Crawford P, Ritchie L. Eating school meals daily is associated with healthier dietary intakes: The healthy communities study. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2018;118(8):1474-1481. 
BACKGROUND: Research on the association between school meal consumption and overall dietary intake post-Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act implementation is limited.
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the association between frequency of participating in the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs and children's dietary intakes.
DESIGN: The Healthy Communities Study was a cross-sectional observational study conducted between 2013 and 2015.
PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: US children aged 4 to 15 years (n=5,106) were included.
RESULTS: Children who ate school breakfast every day compared with children who ate 0 to 4 days/wk, reported consuming more fruits and vegetables (0.1 cup/day, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.1), dietary fiber (0.4 g/day, 95% CI: 0.2, 0.7), whole grains (0.1 oz/day, 95% CI: 0.05, 0.1), dairy (0.1 cup/day, 95% CI: 0.05, 0.1), and calcium (34.5 mg/day, 95% CI: 19.1, 49.9). Children who ate school lunch every day, compared with those who ate less frequently, consumed more dairy (0.1 cup/day, 95% CI: 0.1, 0.2) and calcium (32.4 mg/day, 95% CI: 18.1, 46.6). No significant associations were observed between school meal consumption and energy-dense nutrient-poor foods or added sugars.
CONCLUSIONS: Eating school breakfast and school lunch every day by US schoolchildren was associated with modestly healthier dietary intakes. These findings suggest potential nutritional benefits of regularly consuming school meals.

Barry C, Sherman S, McGinty E. Language matters in combatting the opioid epidemic: Safe consumption sites versus overdose prevention sites. Am J Public Health. 2018;108(9):1157-1159. 
The notion that language matters is increasingly being recognized with the encouragement of “person-first language”; for example, in the Associated Press’s 2017 Stylebook directing reporters to avoid words like “addict” and “junkie” and in a 2017 White House memorandum to federal agencies on changing the language of addiction. Moving forward, it is critical to understand how communication campaigns can decrease stigma toward people using drugs and whether this can, in turn, increase public support for historically controversial, evidence-based approaches to combating the overdose epidemic, including harm reduction measures.

Boom K, Lopez M, Daheri M, et al. Perspectives on cervical cancer screening and prevention: Challenges faced by providers and patients along the Texas-Mexico border. Perspect Public Health. 2018 Aug 17. [Epub ahead of print]
BACKGROUND: The Rio Grande Valley (RGV) and Laredo regions located along the Texas-Mexico border consist of seven counties with a population of approximately 1.5 million people and a high uninsured rate (33.5%). Cervical cancer mortality in these border counties is approximately 30% higher than the rest of Texas. The RGV and Laredo areas were studied to better understand the state of access to cervical cancer prevention services along the Texas-Mexico border.
METHODS: Data on the population served and the services provided were analyzed to determine the gap between cervical cancer screenings recommended versus those received. Through interviews, we gathered the perspectives of 16 local stakeholders regarding cervical cancer screening for underserved individuals in the region.
FINDINGS: It is estimated that 69,139 uninsured women aged 21-64 years in the RGV/Laredo per year are recommended to undergo cervical cancer screening with Papanicolaou (Pap) and/or human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, but only 8941 (12.9%) Pap tests are being performed by the Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) serving uninsured women in these regions. Systemic barriers identified include insufficient provider clinical capacity, the high cost of healthcare, and uncertainty about government funding sources. Patient barriers identified include inadequate knowledge on navigating the local healthcare system, low health literacy, lack of money and childcare, an inability to miss work, limited transportation, and fear of deportation.
CONCLUSION: Decreasing the disparity between cervical cancer screening services provided and those recommended requires addressing the barriers, identified by local experts, which prevent uninsured women from accessing care. These challenges are being addressed through ongoing programs and collaborations.

Jester B, Uyeki T, Jernigan D. Readiness for responding to a severe pandemic 100 years after 1918. Am J Epidemiol. 2018 Aug 9. [Epub ahead of print]
The 1918 H1N1 pandemic caused unprecedented mortality worldwide. The tools to deal with the global emergency were limited with insufficient surveillance systems and a dearth of diagnostic, treatment, and prevention options. With continuing focus on pandemic planning, technologic advances in surveillance, vaccine capabilities, and 21st century medical care and countermeasures, we are more prepared for a severe pandemic than 100 years ago; however, notable gaps remain.

Paules C, Marston H, Bloom M, Fauci A. Tickborne diseases: Confronting a growing threat. N Engl J Med. 2018;379(8):701-703. 
Every spring, public health officials prepare for an upsurge in vector borne diseases. As mosquito-borne illnesses have notoriously surged in the Americas, the U.S. incidence of tick-borne infections has risen insidiously, triggering heightened attention from clinicians and researchers. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the number of reported cases of tick-borne disease has more than doubled over the past 13 years.

Payne J, Cluff L, Lang J, Matson-Koffman D, Morgan-Lopez A. Elements of a workplace culture of health, perceived organizational support for health, and lifestyle risk. Am J Health Promot. 2018;32(7):1555-1567. 
PURPOSE: We investigated the impact of elements of a workplace culture of health (COH) on employees' perceptions of employer support for health and lifestyle risk.
DESIGN: We used 2013 and 2015 survey data from the National Healthy Worksite Program, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-led initiative to help workplaces implement health-promoting interventions.
SETTING: Forty-one employers completed the CDC Worksite Health Scorecard to document organizational changes.
PARTICIPANTS: Eight hundred twenty-five employees provided data to evaluate changes in their health and attitudes.
MEASURES: We defined elements of a COH as environmental, policy, and programmatic supports; leadership and coworker support; employee engagement (motivational interventions); and strategic communication. Outcomes included scores of employees' perceptions of employer support for health and lifestyle risk derived from self-reported physical activity, nutrition, and tobacco use.
ANALYSIS: We estimated effects using multilevel regression models.
RESULTS: At the employee level and across time, regression coefficients show positive associations between leadership support, coworker support, employee engagement, and perceived support for health (P < .05). Coefficients suggest a marginally significant negative association between lifestyle risk and the presence of environmental and policy supports (P < .10) and significant associations with leadership support in 2015 only (P < .05).
CONCLUSION: Relational elements of COH (leadership and coworker support) tend to be associated with perceived support for health, while workplace elements (environmental and policy supports) are more associated with lifestyle risk. Employers need to confront relational and workplace elements together to build a COH.

Ratnapradipa D, Cardinal C, Ratnapradipa K, Scarbrough A, Xie Y.  Implications of Hurricane Harvey on environmental public health in Harris County, Texas. J Environ Health. 2018; 81(2):24-32.
Hurricane Harvey, a Category-4 hurricane, dropped more than 40 in. of rain across Harris County, Texas, over 4 days, inundating the third-most populous county in the U.S. and damaging an estimated 136,000 structures. Most major roadways were flooded, impeding rescue and recovery efforts. An estimated 120,000 customers in the Houston area experienced power outages; many were without power for several days. The heavily industrialized area experienced accidental releases of numerous air pollutants from the petrochemical industry, and several Superfund sites were underwater for days, delaying assessment of the potential chemical contamination to nearby waterways. The purpose of this article is to 1) provide an overview of the historic flooding event, 2) identify vulnerable populations, 3) highlight the potential environmental public health risks associated with the storm, and 4) provide recommendations for future action.

Thomas E. "Why even bother; They are not going to do it?" The structural roots of racism and discrimination in lactation care. Qual Health Res. 2018;28(7):1050-1064. 
Through semi-structured interviews with 36 International Board Certified Lactation Consultants (IBCLCs) who assist mothers with breastfeeding, this study takes a systematic look at breastfeeding disparities. Specifically, this study documents race-based discrimination against patients in the course of lactation care and links the implicit bias literature to breastfeeding disparities. IBCLCs report instances of race-based discrimination against patients such as unequal care provided to patients of color and overt racist remarks said in front of or behind patient's backs. This study connects patient discrimination in lactation to institutional inequality and offers suggestions to address these inequities.

Yogman M, Garner A, Hutchinson J, Hirsh-Pasek K, Golinkoff R. The power of play: A pediatric role in enhancing development in young children. Pediatrics. 2018 Aug 20. [Epub ahead of print]
Children need to develop a variety of skill sets to optimize their development and manage toxic stress. Research demonstrates that developmentally appropriate play with parents and peers is a singular opportunity to promote the social-emotional, cognitive, language, and self-regulation skills that build executive function and a prosocial brain. Furthermore, play supports the formation of the safe, stable, and nurturing relationships with all caregivers that children need to thrive. Play is not frivolous: it enhances brain structure and function and promotes executive function (ie, the process of learning, rather than the content), which allow us to pursue goals and ignore distraction s. When play and safe, stable, nurturing relationships are missing in a child's life, toxic stress can disrupt the development of executive function and the learning of prosocial behavior; in the presence of childhood adversity, play becomes even more important. The mutual joy and shared communication and attunement (harmonious serve and return interactions) that parents and children can experience during play regulate the body's stress response. This clinical report provides pediatric providers with the information they need to promote the benefits of play and to write a prescription for play at well visits to complement reach out and read. At a time when early childhood programs are pressured to add more didactic components and less playful learning, pediatricians can play an important role in emphasizing the role of a balanced curriculum that includes the importance of playful learning for the promotion of healthy child development.

mrl-diamondNew eBooks*

1. An Introduction to Population-level Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases. Edited by Mike Rayner.
2. Antipsychotics: History, Science, and Issues. By Bridget McCoy.
3. Atlas of Infectious Disease Pathology. Edited by Bryan H. Schmitt. 
4. Biosecurity Dilemmas. By Christian Enemark
5. Cases in Clinical Infectious Disease Practice. By Okechukwu Ekenna.
6. CDC Yellow Book 2018: Health Information for International Travel. Edited by Gary Brunette.
7. Community-Based Participatory Research for Health. Edited by Nina Wallerstein.
8. Core Concepts in Clinical Infectious Diseases. By Carlos Franco-Paredes.
9. Developing a Leadership Pipeline. By Annette Cremo. 
10. Developing Leaders for Positive Organizing. By Rob Coonce.
11. Diagnostic Imaging of Emerging Infectious Diseases. Edited by Pu-Xuan Lu.

*For More Information:  Employees may contact the Medical and Research Library at library@dshs.texas.gov, call 512-776-7559, or come by Moreton Building, Room M-652, to borrow a print book, receive password access to a journal, receive other research assistance, or to obtain full-text of the articles mentioned in this month's news. If you are not located on the main campus in Austin, simply let us know what you would like to borrow and we will mail it to you.

Fine print section: If any of the internet links do not open for you, please let us know and we will send you what you need. The MRL Library News e-mail is sent about once a month or when important library news or events occur. If you have co-workers who would like to subscribe, please e-mail library@dshs.texas.gov. If for any reason you would like to unsubscribe, please send an e-mail to library@dshs.texas.gov with Unsubscribe in the subject line. Recent issues of this newsletter are on the web at http://www.dshs.texas.gov/library/news.aspx. Thank you!

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Last updated November 16, 2018