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Colorectal Cancer

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In 2019, an estimated 11,533 Texans will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer. An estimated 4,242 Texans will die from it. Colorectal cancer is the third most common cause of cancer death in both males and females in Texas.

Colorectal cancer screening is an age-based cancer screening recommended for all adults by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (breast and cervical cancer screenings are also recommended for women). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, routine colorectal cancer screening is the most effective way to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. Screenings can help prevent colorectal cancer by identifying and removing precancerous polyps before they turn into cancer. Screening can also find colorectal cancer early, when it is easier to treat.

This statistical report describes colorectal cancer screening prevalence and the incidence and mortality rates of colorectal cancer in Texas. Screening prevalence is based on the results of the Texas Behavioral Risk Factor Survey. To quantify rates of colorectal cancer from 2012-2016 and trends from 2007-2016, age-adjusted incidence and mortality rates were calculated for Texans ages 20 years and older by sex, age, race/ethnicity, and urban-rural classification.

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Last updated June 3, 2022