Starting a New Retail Food Establishment under Department of State Health Services Jurisdiction
There are many local health departments in the State of Texas. You should contact your city or county office to determine if they permit facilities in your area. If not, then you are under Department of State Health Services (DSHS) jurisdiction and the following information is applicable. Contact your county or city code enforcement division regarding local building, plumbing, electrical, fire, and zoning requirements.
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Starting a New Retail Food Establishment under Department of State Health Services Jurisdiction (PDF) Updated 05/27/2021
Table of Contents
- Obtaining a Certified Food Manager’s Certificate
- Obtaining Food Handler Certification
- Obtaining a Tax ID Number
- Equipment and Facility Requirements
- Approved Water Source/Water Wells
- Restrictions on Commercial Food Preparation in a Home
- Texas Food Establishment Rules (TFER)
Unless specifically exempted, a retail food establishment located in any area regulated by Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) must have a valid permit before operating. Permit exemptions may be reviewed at 25 TAC 229.371(6)(B) and 25TAC 229.372(b) and (c).
DSHS regulates retail food establishments in all areas of the State that are not permitted and inspected by local health agencies. To determine the permitting and inspecting agency, contact your city or county government offices. If you need additional assistance, contact us at (512) 834-6753.
Retail food establishments, unless specifically exempted, must be permitted. There are 3 types of permits:
- Fixed Establishment
- Mobile food unit (including roadside vendors)
- Temporary establishment
- single event not to exceed 14 consecutive days
- multiple event permit for unlimited number of events for 2 years
DSHS permit applicants must acknowledge that they have “read and understood Chapter 437 of the Health & Safety Code, the applicable provisions of 25 TAC, Chapter 229 (The Texas Food Establishment Rules)(TFER), and agree to abide by them”.
All food service establishments, under the jurisdiction of the DSHS, with some exemptions, shall employ a Certified Food Manager. Additional information on obtaining a food manger certificate is available on the Frequently Asked Questions - Certified Food Manager (CFM) Program | Texas DSHS page.
- Non-profit organizations
- Child care (day care) facilities
- Firms that sell only prepackaged foods
- Firms that do not prepare or handle exposed potentially hazardous foods
Obtaining Food Handler Certification
All food employees, as defined in 25 TAC 228.2 (56), are required to obtain a food handler certification from an accredited course. This rule goes into effect September 1, 2016. Any food employee hired after that date are required to obtain food handler certification within 60 days of employment. In order to obtain information and guidance on how to become a food handler through an accredited course, visit our food handler website.
You must have a sales tax ID number before you submit a permit application. Visit the Online Tax Registration page of the State Comptroller’s Office website, or call 1-800-252-5555 for information about obtaining a sales tax ID number.
The following list of equipment and facility requirements was developed in response to questions from customers making initial business decisions. It is not a complete list. For more detailed requirements, refer to the Texas Food Establishment Rules.
- A 3-compartment sink to wash, rinse, and sanitize equipment and utensils. A mechanical dishwasher may also be utilized
- Handwash sink(s) conveniently located in the food preparation area(s)
- Employee restroom(s) with handwash facilities
- Hot and cold water under pressure at all sinks
- A service sink or curbed cleaning facility for mops
- A sewage disposal system that is properly constructed, maintained, and operated
- Water from an approved source
- Adequate heating and/or refrigeration equipment for cooking, reheating, or holding foods at safe temperatures
- An appropriate temperature measuring devices for checking internal food temperatures (probe-type thermometers or thermocouples)
- An accurate thermometer for each hot/cold holding unit
Minimum requirements can be reviewed at 25 TAC 228.221. View the Guidelines for Mobile Food Units- How to Mobilize Your Food Operation (PDF, 2650KB) prior to applying for a permit. Mobile Food Units require a separate permitted and inspected Central Preparation Facility.
For information on requesting a variance from this requirement, review Variance Request Procedures for Mobile Food Units (PDF, 166KB).
To apply for a Variance, submit all requested information to our compliance department.
Also see the Checklist for Roadside Food Vendors (PDF, 45KB).
NOTE: Mobile food unit operators typically prepare or handle unpackaged foods. Roadside vendors are limited to handling pre-packaged foods only.
Minimum requirements can be reviewed at 25 TAC 228, Subchapter D or the TFER, Section 228, Subchapter D.
Water used for food preparation, handwashing, and dishwashing must come from an approved source. The following sources are approvable:
- Community (municipal) water system (public water system).
- Non-Community water system (public water system). This category includes on-site wells that supply more than 25 customers per day for a total of 60 days per year. These wells must be listed and approved by the Texas Commission of Environmental Quality (TCEQ). TCEQ will oversee the testing requirements and operation of the wells. Contact the TCEQ Public Drinking Water Section at (512) 239-4691 for assistance.
- Non-public (private) water system – This category includes wells that serve less than 25 customers per day for a total of 60 days per year. The well must be properly constructed, maintained, and operated. Prior to use, the water must be sampled for safe bacteriological quality and must be tested at least annually thereafter.
The Texas Food Establishment Rules (TFER), Section 228.174(k) states: A private home, a room used as living or sleeping quarters, or an area directly opening into a room used as living or sleeping quarters may not be used for conducting food establishment operations.
Refer to the TFER on the Food Establishment Laws and Rules page for detailed information regarding these and other requirements.
You can also contact the Food Establishments Group at (512) 834-6753 for additional guidance.