Colorectal Cancer

In 2022, an estimated 12,444 Texans were diagnosed with colorectal cancer. An estimated 4,447 Texans died from it. Colorectal cancer is the third most common cause of cancer death in both males and females in Texas.

Colorectal cancer screening is an age-based cancer screening recommended for adults by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, routine colorectal cancer screening is the most effective way to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. Screenings can help prevent colorectal cancer by identifying and removing precancerous polyps before they turn into cancer. Screening can also find colorectal cancer early when it is easier to treat.

This statistical report describes colorectal cancer screening prevalence and the incidence and mortality rates of colorectal cancer in Texas. Screening prevalence is based on the results of the Texas Behavioral Risk Factor Survey. To quantify rates of colorectal cancer from 2015-2019 and trends from 2010-2019, age-adjusted incidence and mortality rates were calculated for Texans by sex, age, race/ethnicity, and urban-rural classification.


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