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Medical and Research Library News - January 2022

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Training opportunities
Websites and reports on trending topics
Journal articles of note   

January 2022        

Training opportunities

Note: The following webinars and online classes are not affiliated with DSHS or the DSHS Library. They are presented here as opportunities to learn more information of interest to public health personnel. All times listed are in Central Daylight Time.

January 11, 2022; 2-4 p.m. Making the most out of your grant application. Applying for a grant can be stressful and intimidating at times.  This webinar from the Network of the National Library of Medicine (NNLM) is designed to demystify the grant application process. From understanding the parts of the grant to completing the details of the budget, this webinar provides all information needed to prepare clear goals, objectives, a competitive project proposal. Participants will learn where to find available funding, important documents to include in the proposal, where to go for data to support the proposal, how the application is scored, and post-award reporting requirements. https://nnlm.gov/training/class/making-most-out-your-grant-application

January 12, 2022; 12-1 p.m. It's Time Texas' Community Challenge: Using competition to activate individual behaviors and build momentum for PSE change. Join this webinar from the Michael & Susan Dell Center for Healthy Living to learn more about how It’s Time Texas use their statewide 8-week health competition to motivate 40,000 Texans to activate individual behavior change and create a shared value for healthy living. They will also share how they are using the data collected to work with community champions and leaders to leverage momentum for the planning of health policy, systems and environmental changes in communities across Texas. https://register.gotowebinar.com/register/1570856189553082637

January 14, 2022; 9:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m. Lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic to improve diagnosis. This virtual workshop will examine changes to diagnostic paradigms in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and consider the lessons learned and opportunities for improving diagnosis within the U.S. health care system. Presented by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM). https://www.eventbrite.com/e/lessons-learned-from-the-covid-19-pandemic-to-improve-diagnosis-tickets-200954619677

January 26, 2022; 11 a.m-12:30 p.m. The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on routine immunizations for children in Medicaid. This presentation from DSHS Grand Rounds will cover the impact of the pandemic on childhood immunizations, current vaccination efforts and data sharing at HHSC and DSHS, and what can be done in the future to improve immunization rates in the Texas Medicaid population. https://www.dshs.texas.gov/grandrounds/registration-CE.shtm


Websites and reports on trending topics

Ebsco eBook Collection contains more than 100,000 titles in science, history, medicine, and literature. In addition to the titles TexShare provides, you will also find the DSHS library’s ebooks on topics like public health, management, and technology. Available through the DSHS Library with access via TexShare.net, select Texas Department of State Health Services as your library, and then enter password: 537TX78756 https://texshare.net/

Initiating cross-sector partnerships to advance population health is a report from the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) that shares action steps that public health agencies can use to initiate and sustain a cross-sector partnership and highlights examples of successful public health collaborations with Medicaid, housing, and transportation agencies. https://www.astho.org/ASTHOReports/Initiating-Cross-Sector-Partnerships-to-Advance-Population-Health/11-23-21/

January is Glaucoma Awareness Month. Glaucoma is a leading cause of vision loss and blindness in the United States. Glaucoma has no early symptoms — that’s why half of people with glaucoma don’t know they have it. The only way to find out if you have glaucoma is to get a comprehensive dilated eye exam. There’s no cure for glaucoma, but early treatment can often stop the damage and protect your vision. https://www.nei.nih.gov/learn-about-eye-health/outreach-campaigns-and-resources/glaucoma-resources/glaucoma-awareness-month

Lessons for advancing and sustaining state community health worker partnerships is a brief from the National Academy for State Health Policy that presents lessons learned for states to build, sustain, or expand partnerships with Community health workers (CHWs). CHWs are one critical segment of the community-based workforce and are increasingly central to state workforce and equity planning. As states work towards a modernized public health system, while also grappling with significant workforce challenges in health care, many are identifying workforce strategies to build capacity, advance health equity, and improve health. https://www.nashp.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/12/community-healthworker-brief.pdf


Journal articles of note

Golden MR, AugsJoost B, Bender M, et al. The organization, content, and case-finding effectiveness of HIV assisted partner services in high HIV morbidity areas of the U.S [published online ahead of print, 2021 Dec 21].  J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2021. doi:10.1097/QAI.0000000000002904
Abstract
Background: The contemporary effectiveness of assisted partner notification services (APS) in the U.S. is uncertain.
Setting: State and local jurisdictions in the U.S. that reported >300 new HIV diagnoses in 2018 and were participating in the Ending the Epidemic Initiative.
Methods: The study surveyed health departments to collect data on the content and organization of APS and aggregate data on APS outcomes for 2019. Analyses defined contact and case-finding indices (i.e., sex partners named and newly diagnosed per index case receiving APS), and estimated staff case-finding productivity.
Results: Sixteen (84%) of 19 jurisdictions responded to the survey, providing APS outcome data for 14 (74%) areas. Most health departments routinely integrated APS with linkage of cases and partners to HIV care (88%) and pre-exposure prophylaxis (88%). A total of 19,164 persons were newly diagnosed with HIV in the 14 areas. Staff initiated APS investigations on 14,203 (74%) cases and provided APS to 9,937 (52%) cases. Cases named 6,799 partners (contact index=0.68), of whom 1,841 (27%) had previously diagnosed HIV, 2,202 (32%) tested HIV-negative, 541 (8% of named and 20% of tested partners) were newly diagnosed with HIV, and 2,215 (33%) were not known to have tested. Across jurisdictions, the case-finding index was 0.054 (median=0.05, range 0.015-0.12). Health departments employed 292 full-time equivalent staff to provide APS. These staff identified a median of 2.0 new HIV infections per staff per year. APS accounted for 2.8% of new diagnoses in 2019.
Conclusions: HIV case-finding resulting from APS in the U.S. is low.

Grummon AH, Petimar J, Soto MJ, et al. Changes in calorie content of menu items at large chain restaurants after implementation of calorie labels. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(12):e2141353. Published 2021 Dec 1. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.41353
Abstract
Importance: Calorie labeling on menus is required in US chain food establishments with 20 or more locations. This policy may encourage retailers to offer lower-calorie items, which could lead to a public health benefit by reducing customers' calorie intake from prepared foods. However, potential reformulation of restaurant menu items has not been examined since nationwide enforcement of this policy in 2018.
Objective: To examine the calorie content of menu items at large chain restaurants before and after implementation of federally mandated menu calorie labels.
Design, setting, and participants: This pre-post cohort study used restaurant menu data from MenuStat, a database of nutrition information for menu items offered in the largest chain restaurants in the US, collected annually from 2012 to 2019. The study comprised 35,354 menu items sold at 59 large chain restaurants in the US. Statistical analysis was conducted from February 4 to October 8, 2021.
Intervention: Nationwide implementation of menu calorie labeling.
Main outcomes and measures: Changes in menu items' calorie content after restaurant chains implemented calorie labels were estimated, adjusting for prelabeling trends. All menu items, continuously available items, items newly introduced to menus, and items removed from menus were examined separately.
Results: Among the 59 restaurant chains included in the study, after labeling, there were no changes in mean calorie content for all menu items (change = -2.0 calories; 95% CI, -8.5 to 4.4 calories) or continuously available items (change = -2.3 calories; 95% CI, -11.5 to 6.3 calories). Items that were newly introduced after labeling, however, had a lower mean calorie content than items introduced before labeling (change = -112.9 calories; 95% CI, -208.6 to -25.2 calories), although there was heterogeneity by restaurant type. Items removed from menus after labeling had similar calorie content as items removed before labeling (change = 0.5 calories; 95% CI, -79.4 to 84.0 calories).
Conclusions and relevance: In this cohort study of large chain restaurants, implementing calorie labels on menus was associated with the introduction of lower-calorie items but no changes in continuously available or removed items.

Hughes MJ, Birhane MG, Dorough L, et al. Extensively drug-resistant typhoid fever in the United States. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2021;8(12):ofab572. Published 2021 Nov 16. doi:10.1093/ofid/ofab572
Abstract
Cases of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) typhoid fever have been reported in the United States among patients who did not travel internationally. Clinicians should consider if and where the patient traveled when selecting empiric treatment for typhoid fever. XDR typhoid fever should be treated with a carbapenem, azithromycin, or both.

Valerio-Shewmaker MA, DeSantis S, Swartz M, et al. Strategies to estimate prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in a Texas vulnerable population: Results from phase I of the Texas Coronavirus Antibody Response Survey. Front Public Health. 2021. Published 2021 Dec 14. doi:10.3389/fpubh.2021.753487
Abstract
Introduction: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and immunity remains uncertain in populations. The state of Texas ranks 2nd in infection with over 2.71 million cases and has seen a disproportionate rate of death across the state. The Texas CARES project was funded by the state of Texas to estimate the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibody status in children and adults. Identifying strategies to understand natural as well as vaccine induced antibody response to COVID-19 is critical. Materials and Methods: The Texas CARES (Texas Coronavirus Antibody Response Survey) is an ongoing prospective population-based convenience sample from the Texas general population that commenced in October 2020. Volunteer participants are recruited across the state to participate in a 3-time point data collection Texas CARES to assess antibody response over time. We use the Roche Elecsys® Anti-SARS-CoV-2 Immunoassay to determine SARS-CoV-2 antibody status. Results: The crude antibody positivity prevalence in Phase I was 26.1% (80/307). The fully adjusted seroprevalence of the sample was 31.5%. Specifically, 41.1% of males and 21.9% of females were seropositive. For age categories, 33.5% of those 18-34; 24.4% of those 35-44; 33.2% of those 45-54; and 32.8% of those 55+ were seropositive. In this sample, 42.2% (89/211) of those negative for the antibody test reported having had a COVID-19 test. 
Conclusions: In this survey we enrolled and analyzed data for 307 participants, demonstrating a high survey and antibody test completion rate, and ability to implement a questionnaire and SARS-CoV-2 antibody testing within clinical settings. We were also able to determine our capability to estimate the cross-sectional seroprevalence within Texas's federally qualified community centers (FQHCs). The crude positivity prevalence for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in this sample was 26.1% indicating potentially high exposure to COVID-19 for clinic employees and patients. Data will also allow us to understand sex, age and chronic illness variation in seroprevalence by natural and vaccine induced. These methods are being used to guide the completion of a large longitudinal survey in the state of Texas with implications for practice and population health.


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Last updated January 12, 2022