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    Birth Defects Epidemiology & Surveillance
    Mail Code 1964
    P.O. Box 149347
    Austin, TX 78714-9347

    Phone: 512-776-7232
    Fax: 512-776-7330


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Birth Defects Cluster Investigations in Texas

What is a birth defect cluster investigation?

For more information about birth defects cluster investigations, please call 512-776-7232 or email Cluster Investigations . Please refer to the cluster number if possible.

 

 
Number Location County Region Condition(s) Status
1994.01 Bryan Brazos 7 all birth defects closed
1994.02 Dallas Dallas 3 polydactyly closed
1994.03 El Paso El Paso 10 gastroschisis closed
1994.04 El Paso El Paso 10 microphthalmia closed
1994.05 Granbury Hood, Somervell 3 Down syndrome closed
1994.06 McKinney Collin 3 ear closed
1994.07 Parkland Hospital Dallas 3 multiple birth defects closed
1994.08 San Antonio Bexar 8 gastroschisis closed
1994.09 San Antonio Bexar 8 anophthalmia closed
1994.10 Temple area Bell, Brazos, Falls, Limestone, McClennan 7 gastroschisis closed
1995.01 Dallas Dallas 3 holoprosencephaly closed
1995.02 Dawson County Dawson 9 spina bifida closed
1995.03 Eagle Pass Maverick 8 neural tube defects closed
1995.04 Ellis County Ellis 3 Down syndrome closed
1995.05 Gaines and Dawson Counties Gaines, Dawson 9 oral clefts closed
1995.06 Houston Harris 6 Down syndrome closed
1995.07 The Woodlands Montgomery 6 anencephaly closed
1996.01 Cameron, Willacy, and Hidalgo Counties Cameron, Willacy, Hidalgo 11 heart closed
1996.02 Fabens El Paso 10 heart closed
1996.03 Grand Prairie Dallas 3 multiple birth defects closed
1996.04 Hood County Hood 3 chromosomal closed
1996.05 Kingsville Kleberg 11 multiple birth defects closed
1996.06 Lewisville Denton 3 multiple birth defects closed
1996.07 Nueces County Nueces 11 anencephaly closed
1996.08 Pantex (Armstrong, Carson, Potter, and Randall Counties) Armstrong, Carson, Potter, Randall 1 all birth defects closed
1996.09 Travis and Bastrop Counties Travis, Bastrop 7 anophthalmia closed
1996.10 Vidor Orange 5 multiple birth defects closed
1997.01 Brazos County Brazos 7 hypoplastic left heart syndrome closed
1997.02 Bryan and College Station Brazos 7 anencephaly closed
1997.03 Conroe Montgomery 6 anencephaly closed
1997.04 Dallas Dallas 3 neural tube defects closed
1997.05 El Paso El Paso 10 biliary atresia closed
1997.06 El Paso El Paso 10 multiple birth defects closed
1997.07 Kelly Air Force Base (Bexar County) Bexar 8 multiple birth defects closed
1997.08 Ozona Crockett 9 oral clefts closed
1998.01 Cameron County Cameron 11 neural tube defects closed
1998.02 Ellis, Dallas, Johnson, Kaufman, Navarro, and Tarrant Counties Ellis, Dallas, Johnson, Kaufman, Navarro, Tarrant 3, 7 multiple birth defects closed
1998.03 Laredo Webb 11 neural tube defects closed
1998.04 Port Lavaca Calhoun 8 gastroschisis closed
1998.05 Presidio and Brewster Counties Presidio, Brewster 10 oral clefts closed
1998.06 San Angelo and Ballinger Tom Green, Runnels 2, 9 heart closed
1998.07 Tyler Smith 4 Down syndrome closed
1999.01 Bastrop County Bastrop 7 anencephaly closed
1999.02 Cameron and Hidalgo Counties Cameron, Hidalgo 11 esophageal atresia closed
1999.03 Collin and Denton Counties Collin, Denton 3 neural tube defects closed
1999.04 El Paso County El Paso 10 neural tube defects closed
1999.05 El Paso El Paso 10 trisomy 18 closed
1999.06 North Austin Travis 7 gastroschisis and omphalocele closed
1999.07 Corpus Christi Nueces 11 neural tube defects closed
1999.08 Nueces County Nueces 11 cyclopia closed
1999.09 Roby Fisher 2 multiple birth defects closed
1999.10 San Angelo Tom Green 9 agenesis of the corpus callosum closed
1999.11 West Dallas Dallas 3 multiple birth defects closed
2000.01 Bryan Brazos 7 anencephaly closed
2000.02 Cedar Creek Bastrop 7 Down syndrome closed
2000.03 Houston area Harris, Montgomery, Chambers, Fort Bend, Angelina, Hardin, Colorado 6 spina bifida closed
2000.04 Lindale Smith 4 oral clefts closed
2000.05 Shelby County Shelby 5 anencephaly closed
2000.06 Williamson County Williamson 7 agenesis of the corpus callosum closed
2000.07 Zavalla Angelina 5 multiple birth defects closed
2001.01 Cedar Park Williamson 7 multiple birth defects closed
2001.02 Corpus Christi Nueces 11 multiple birth defects closed
2001.03 Nueces, San Patricio and Kleberg Counties (originally Corpus Christi) Nueces, San Patricio, Kleberg 11 multiple birth defects (15 specific birth defects) closed
2001.04 Dallas and Tarrant Counties Dallas, Tarrant 3 gastroschisis closed
2001.05 Deer Park Harris 6 multiple birth defects closed
2001.06 Grayson County Grayson 3 ventricular septal defect closed
2001.07 Port Neches, Groves, and Nederland Jefferson 5 all birth defects closed
2001.08 Houston area Harris 6 spina bifida closed
2001.09 Kelly Air Force Base Bexar 8 all birth defects closed
2001.10 Laredo Webb 11 neural tube defects closed
2001.11 Odessa Ector County only 9 microtia closed
2001.12 Dallas Dallas 3 anencephaly closed
2001.13 San Antonio and El Paso Bexar, El Paso 8, 10 Williams syndrome closed
2001.14 Tarrant County Tarrant 3 triploidy closed
2001.15 Tarrant, Dallas, Hood, and Young Counties Tarrant, Dallas, Hood, Young 2, 3 diaphragmatic hernia closed
2001.16 Travis and Williamson Counties Travis, Williamson 7 gastroschisis closed
2002.01 Houston Harris 6 port wine stain closed
2002.02 Duval County Duval 11 transposition of the great vessels closed
2002.03 Ellis County Ellis 3 anencephaly closed
2002.04 Garland Dallas 3 multiple birth defects closed
2002.05 Washington County Washington 7 Dandy-Walker variant closed
2002.06 Laredo Webb 11 multiple birth defects closed
2003.01 Bee, Cameron, Hidalgo, Jim Wells, Kleberg, Nueces, San Patricio, Starr, Webb, and Willacy Counties Bee, Cameron, Hidalgo, Jim Wells, Kleberg, Nueces, San Patricio, Starr, Webb, Willacy 11 gastroschisis closed
2003.02 Dallas County Dallas 3 all birth defects closed
2003.03 East Texas not determined 4 reduction defects of the upper limbs closed
2003.04 Texas all all intestinal duplication closed
2004.01 El Paso El Paso 10 gastroschisis closed
2004.02 Salado Bell 7 bladder exstrophy, gastroschisis closed
2004.03 Medical City Hospital, Dallas not determined 3 hypoplastic left heart syndrome closed
2004.04 Odessa Ector 9 plagiocephaly closed
2005.01 Brownsville Cameron 11 pyloric stenosis closed
2005.02 McAllen Hidalgo 11 Down syndrome closed
2005.03 Lubbock Lubbock 1 gastroschisis closed
2005.04 Midlothian, Venus, and Cedar Hill Ellis, Johnson, Dallas 3 all birth defects closed
2005.05 North Texas (loosely defined) defined various ways, please see report see report gastroschisis closed
2006.01 Zip code 77040 in Houston Harris 6 all birth defects closed
2006.02 Zip codes 78238 and 78240 in Leon Valley Bexar 8 all birth defects closed
2007.01 Midland Midland 9 Down syndrome closed
2007.02 Travis, Williamson, Hays, Bastrop, and Fayette Counties Travis, Williamson, Hays, Bastrop, Fayette 7 gastroschisis closed
2008.01 El Paso El Paso 10 pyloric stenosis closed
2009.01 Midland and Ector Counties Midland, Ector 9 anencephaly closed
2009.02 Brownwood Brown 2 diaphragmatic hernia ongoing
2009.03 Kyle Hays 7 anotia or microtia closed
2010.01 Weslaco and Mercedes (Knapp Medical Center) Hidalgo 11 microtia ongoing
2010.02 Brazoria, Fort Bend, Galveston, and Harris Counties
(UTMB Galveston)
Brazoria, Fort Bend, Galveston, and Harris 6 atrial septal defect closed
2010.03 Brazos County Brazos 7 trisomy 18 closed
2011.01 (University Medical Center, Lubbock; possibly also Covenent Med. Ctr.) not determined anencephaly, gastroschisis,
trisomy 18
closed
2011.02 Bexar County Bexar 8 all birth defects closed
2011.03 Brownsville and Los Fresnos Cameron 11 Down syndrome closed
2012.01 Tarrant County (John Peter Smith Hospital, Fort Worth) Tarrant 3 anencephaly closed
2012.02 Johnson and Tarrant Counties (Huguley Memorial Hospital, south Fort Worth) Johnson and Tarrant 3 polydactyly, syndactyly ongoing
2012.03 Peterson Regional Medical Center (Kerrville) and Hill Country Memorial Hospital (Fredericksburg) to be determined (likely Kerr, Gillespie,  and Edwards) 8 clubfoot ongoing
2012.04 Ellis County Ellis 3 Down syndrome ongoing
2013.01 El Paso El Paso 10 anencephaly ongoing
2014.01 San Jacinto River Waste Pits area Harris, possibly also Chambers (area defined by Census tracts) 6 all birth defects closed
2014.02 Amarillo area Potter and Randall 1 clubfoot ongoing
2014.03 Odessa area to be determined 9 atrial septal defect ongoing
2015.01 Sulphur Springs area to be determined 4 gastroschisis ongoing
2017.01 Corpus Christi area Nueces, San Patricio, and Kleberg 11 risk factors analysis using NBDPS Region 11 control mother interview data  closed
2017.02 Corpus Christi area Nueces, San Patricio, and Kleberg 11 all birth defects closed
2017.03 Valley Baptist Hospital Cameron 11 upper limb defects (hypoplastic arm related to amniotic band) closed
2017.04 Dallas, one small area within Dallas Dallas 3 HLHS closed
2018.01 Cameron County Cameron County 11 anencephaly  ongoing
2019.01 Tarrant County Tarrant County 3 all birth defects  closed
2019.02 Laredo, Tx Webb County 11 anencephaly ongoing
2019.03 Harris County-10 Census tracts Harris 6 all birth defects closed
2019.04 Brownsville, TX  Cameron 11 Trisomy 18 ongoing
2019.05 Bexar County Bexar 8 various
     

 

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Last updated July 8, 2020