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    Infectious Disease Prevention Section
    Mail Code: 1927
    PO BOX 149347 - Austin, TX 78714-9347
    1100 West 49th Street, Suite G401
    Austin, TX 78714

    Phone: (512) 776-7676
    Fax: (512) 776-7616


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Week 8

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2005-2006 Texas Influenza Surveillance Information

2005-2006 Season Summary

The flu activity level for the week ending February 25th, 2006 is widespread. Flu activity was reported in all regions of the state. This is the ninth consecutive week of widespread activity in Texas.

Reports were received from all 11 Health Service Regions (HSRs) for week 8. An increase in flu activity was reported only in HSR 2/3 (primarily HSR 2). Activity remained about the same in HSRs 1, 6/5S, 9/10, and 11. A decrease in flu activity was reported in HSRs 4/5N and 8. For a map of Health Service Regions, please visit the following website:

Texas Health Service Regions Map

During week 8, culture confirmed influenza A was identified in Bell, Coryell, Dallas, Harris, McLennan, and Travis Counties. The majority of flu cultured by the DSHS lab continues to be A/H3N2; however, in recent weeks, the number of influenza B has increased.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have further characterized the influenza A isolates submitted by DSHS as A/California/07/2004-like (H3N2) and A/New York/55/2004-like (H3N2). A/California/07/2004-like (H3N2) is one of the components of the current vaccine. A/New York/55/2004-like (H3N2) is antigenically equivalent to A/California/07/2004-like (H3N2).

Culture confirmed influenza B was identified in Dallas, Harris, Lubbock, and McLennan Counties during week 8. Dallas County is now experiencing more culture confirmed influenza B than influenza A. Two strains of influenza B have been identified by the DSHS lab in Texas; B/Hong Kong/330/2001-like and B/Shanghai/361/2002-like. Of the 3 influenza B isolates collected during week 8 and identified by the DSHS lab, 2 were B/Hong Kong/330/2001-like (both from residents of Dallas County) and 1 was B/Shanghai/361/2002-like (resident of Lubbock County). A specimen collected during the previous week (week 7) from Lubbock County was also identified as B/Shanghai/361/2002-like. It is possible that a second wave of influenza could result from the currently circulating B strains of the virus; however, overall, the number of flu specimens submitted to the DSHS lab has decreased.

One facility in Denton County reported an institutional outbreak. No school closures have been reported; however, an increase in influenza-like illness (ILI) was noted by Elysian Fields ISD in Harrison County, and educational information on ILI is being sent home with students.

For more information on flu surveillance activities in the State of Texas, please visit the following website:

http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/IDCU/disease/influenza/surveillance/Surveillance.aspx

Data from the Sentinel Provider Surveillance Network (SPSN) indicates a slight increase in influenza-like illness (ILI); however, only 33 providers have reported at this time, and the percentage of ILI tends to decrease as more providers report.

PERCENTAGE OF VISITS FOR INFLUENZA-LIKE-ILLNESS REPORTED BY SENTINEL PROVIDERS IN TEXAS
Week # Reporting Age 0-4 Age 5-24 Age 25-64 Age over 64 Total ILI Total Patients % ILI
2005-49 39 118 181 116 3 418 12894 3.24
2005-50 45 160 268 190 13 631 14410 4.37
2005-51 44 146 149 61 7 363 7797 4.65
2005-52 39 219 232 363 29 843 10140 8.31
2006-01 40 177 201 297 46 721 11399 6.32
2006-02 55 229 359 269 36 893 15487 5.76
2006-03 47 297 399 287 28 1011 13520 7.47
2006-04 68 331 468 304 42 1145 18358 6.23
2006-05 63 282 418 265 44 1009 17693 5.70
2006-06 64 278 373 230 27 908 17729 5.12
2006-07 57 231 337 208 33 809 18416 4.39
2006-08 33 111 129 48 29 317 4813 6.58


Percentage of Physician Visits Due to Influenza-Like Illness Texas Sentinel Providers Surveillance Network 2005-2006 Season

Percentage of Physician Visits Due to Influenza-Like Illness, Texas Sentinel Providers Surveillance Network 2005-2006 Season

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Statewide Influenza Activity For the Week Ending February 25, 2006 (MMWR Week 8)

Statewide Influenza Activity

*Influenza activity level corresponds to current MMWR week only and does not reflect previous weeks’ activity.

2005-2006 Texas Influenza Surveillance Information - Flu Reports

For the week ending: 
10/15/05, 10/22/05, 10/29/05, 11/05/05, 11/12/05, 11/19/05, 11/26/05, 12/10/05, 12/17/05, 12/24/05, 01/07/06, 01/14/06, 01/21/06, 01/28/06, 02/04/06, 02/11/06, 02/18/06, 03/04/06, 03/11/06, 03/18/06, 03/26/06, 04/01/06, 04/08/06, 04/15/06, 04/22/06, 04/29/06, 05/12/06, 05/19/06, 05/20/06

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Last updated May 10, 2021