Yeast Infection/Thrush (Candidiasis)


Candida, vaginal yeast infection, vulvovaginal candiasis (VVC)


Fungus: Candida albicans


Yeast infections are not sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), but it is possible to pass yeast infections to your partner during sex. You do not have to be sexually active to get a vaginal yeast infection. Your vagina may have small amounts of yeast without causing symptoms. But when too much yeast grows, you can get an infection.


Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection include itching and burning in and around the vagina, pain when urinating or during sex, and a thick, white vaginal discharge that looks like cottage cheese. It may be mild or severe.


A yeast infection is diagnosed by examining the area in and around the vagina and testing a sample of vaginal discharge.


Yeast infections can be treated with anti-fungal prescription pills and non-prescription vaginal creams or suppositories.


Avoid douching because it can disrupt the natural balance of organisms in the vagina.

Remove wet bathing suits immediately. Use cotton underwear. Keep the vaginal area clean. Always wipe from front to back after using the bathroom.


Yeast infection symptoms are similar to other vaginal infections and STDs.  If you have a more serious infection and not a yeast infection, it can lead to major health problems. See your doctor or nurse to know if you have a yeast infection.


If your partner has yeast infection symptoms, they should be tested and treated.

Your risk for yeast infections is higher if you are pregnant, have high blood sugar, have birth control with higher doses of estrogen, douche or use vaginal sprays, recently took antibiotics or steroids, or have a weakened immune system, such as from HIV.

DSHS Publication Number 13-11919