HIV and STD Information
HIV and STDs
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). STDs are Sexually Transmitted Diseases, which include HIV and other infections like chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, syphilis, and HPV.
HIV and other STDs are most often contracted through sexual contact (vaginal, anal, or oral sex). Many infections are also passed through sharing needles, contact with infected blood, or from mother to baby during pregnancy or at birth. HIV and other STDs are not passed casually through things like hugging or shaking hands. Each infection is different.
Many people with HIV do not have symptoms for several years after becoming infected. Some people may develop mild, temporary flu-like symptoms or swollen glands right after infection. When left untreated, HIV can develop symptoms of AIDS which are usually more serious. The only way to know for sure if you are infected is to get tested.
Other STD Symptoms
Many people do not have any symptoms. Those that do can have pain when urinating, a discharge, or blisters in the genital area. Each STD causes different symptoms. The only way to know for sure if you are infected is to get tested.
Learn more about: HIV/AIDS | Chlamydia | Gonorrhea | Syphilis | Congenital Syphilis | Hepatitis C | Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) | Hepatitis A | Hepatitis B | Hepatitis D | Hepatitis E | Herpes | Human Papillomavirus (HPV) | Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) | Pubic Lice | Scabies | Trichomoniasis | Yeast (Thrush)
Get Tested for HIV and STDs
Free and low-cost testing for HIV and other STDs is available in many locations across Texas. Learn more about where to get tested.
For questions about HIV and other STDs, call 800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636).
Electronic and printed educational materials are available from DSHS. You can view, download, and order materials from the educational materials page.
The Program Materials Review Panel (PMRP) also reviews many new publications, videos, and other educational materials for use in DSHS HIV/STD prevention activities. Materials come from federal government, other states, local communities and community-based organizations, clinics and health providers, schools, and service organizations. Visit the PMRP page to view the list of materials reviewed.