• DSHS HIV/STD Program
    Post Office Box 149347, MC 1873
    Austin, TX 78714

    Phone: 737-255-4300

    Email the HIV/STD Program

    Email HIV, STD, Hepatitis C, and TB data requests to the Program – Use this email to request Texas HIV, STD, Hepatitis C, and TB data and statistics. Do not use this email to request treatment or infection history for individuals, or to request information on programs or services. Do not email personal, identifying health information such as HIV status, date of birth, or Social Security Number.

    For treatment/testing history, please contact your local health department.

    For information on HIV testing and services available to persons living with HIV, please contact your local HIV services organization.

Hepatitis A


Hepatitis A virus is spread by the fecal/oral route. In other words, a person is infected with HAV by ingesting anything that is contaminated by HAV-infected feces. Transmission can occur because of inadequate hand washing by food handlers, poor food or water sanitization, or sexual contact that includes oral/anal contact.


Fifteen to forty five days.

Typical Symptoms

Many infected people have no symptoms (especially young children). Adults may become quite ill suddenly experiencing jaundice, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine/light stools, and fever.


Blood test.


There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A. The infection will usually clear up in a few weeks to months and serious long term health problems are rare. Once recovered, an individual is then immune to HAV and will never get the infection again.


Persons traveling to developing nations where food and water sanitation are in question are encouraged to get the hepatitis A vaccine. Basic prevention includes washing hands with soap and water after using the bathroom and using household bleach to clean surfaces contaminated with feces such as changing tables. Immune globulin (IG) can provide a temporary immunity to the virus for two to three months if given prior to exposure to HAV or within two weeks after contact.


Although HAV is the least severe type of hepatitis, in rare instances it can result in liver failure.


Hepatitis A is endemic in developing countries.


Last updated May 20, 2021